Describing Motion -

Describing Motion -

Describing Motion Section 2-1 Motion Motion occurs when an object changes its position. Both Distance and Time are important in describing motion. Sometimes you know motion has

occurred even if you didnt see it happen. (mail truck) Relative motion: you are moving even when you are sitting in your chair. You are moving relative to the other planets. Distance vs. Displacement

Distance: How far an object has moved (total) Displacement: How far and in what direction an object has moved from its start position. Figure 2 pg. 39

Speed Speed = the distance an object travels in a given amount of time Speed = distance time SI unit of speed is m/s Calculating speed

Calculate the speed that you are running, if you run 400 meters in 72 seconds. Types of Speed Constant speed: speed doesnt change (set your car on cruise control) Changing speed: Riding a bike for 5 km.

Take off and increase speed, slow down up hill, speed up down hill, stop for stop sign. The trip took you 15 min (.25 h) Average speed: total distance total time Instantaneous speed: speed at any given moment.

Graphing motion Distance time graphs Figure 5 pg. 43 Velocity Velocity: includes speed and DIRECTION Storm is moving at 20km/hr. Should

you be seeking shelter? Two trains could be going the same speed, but have different velocities. Race car going around an oval track might have constant speed, but different velocities.

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