Coordination and Subordination

Coordination and Subordination

chomp! chomp! This presentation is brought to you by Grammar Bytes!, 2019 by Robin L. Simmons. Coordination Coordination and and Subordination Subordination Should I coordinate with for? Or would it be better to subordinate with because? This presentation

covers the differences between coordination and subordination and the relationship between clauses within a sentence. A A coordination coordination and/or and/or subordination subordination item item on on an an objective objective test test might might look look like like this this ......

Sample Sample Item Item A. Jeremiah forgot to bring a pencil since he had to beg Amanda to borrow one of hers. B. Since Since Jeremiah Jeremiahforgot forgottoto bring bring a pencil, a pencil, he he had to had to beg begAmanda Amandatotoborrow borrow one one of of hers.

hers. C. Even though Jeremiah forgot to bring a pencil, he had to beg Amanda to borrow one of hers. Subordinating Subordinating Is Is the the the first clause the first clause subordination subordination with with since, since, as as effective at A, effective

at A, option option B B does, does, is is B, or C? B, or C? correct. correct. Coordination Coordination Coordination gives equal attention to two items. Use coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, yet, and so. The dog ate Marvins favorite tie

tie., The andcat therubbed cat white hair rubbed white on Marvins hair on Marvins black suit. black suit. Both clauses could stand alone. When joined with and, they get equal equal attention. You You can can also also coordinate coordinate with with aa semicolon

semicolon.. Main clause +;+ main clause. Main clause +;+ transition +,+ main clause. The interviewer had seven Persian cats. cats;She sheawould as result, understand would she

would understand understand Marvins Marvins predicament. Marvins predicament. predicament. Still balanced. Subordination Subordination Subordination gives less attention to one idea so that the other has emphasis. Use subordinate conjunctions, such as because, even though, and when. Since Marvin Marvin tried totried cleantohis

clean suit.his Hesuit was , he late was to late the to interview. the interview. Im sorry. Here Here are are the the subordinate subordinate conjunctions. conjunctions.

after although as because before even though if, even if in order that once provided that

since so [that implied], so that than that though unless when, whenever where, wherever, whereas whether while Use Use aa comma comma if if you you subordinate subordinate the the first first of

of the the two two clauses. clauses. Subordinate clause +,+ main clause. Even Cat hair though clung to catMarvins hair clung pant to legs. Marvins He still pantgot legs, the job.still got the job.

he The first clause is less important. The second clause has more emphasis because its thought is complete. Use Use no no punctuation punctuation if if you you subordinate subordinate the the second second of of the

the two two clauses. clauses. Main clause ++ subordinate clause. Marvin smiled at his success. success Cat as cat hairhair wafted wafted in his in wake. his wake. Now the first clause is the most important.

The second clause has less emphasis because its thought is incomplete. Quick Quick Test, Test, Part Part 1 1 Directions: In the items that follow, choose the most effective word or phrase within the context suggested by the sentence(s). Show me what you know! Item Item 1 1 To impress Deepa, his date, Ryan labored over the chicken stir fry; __________, she took offense that he was serving meat after she had explained

her vegetarianism. A.furthermore B.moreover C.however however D.additionally Item Item 2 2 __________ Thomas scores a 100 on the final exam, he cannot pass College Algebra, a class he is taking for the third time. A.Because B.Since C.As a result, D.Unless Unless Item Item 3 3 The Rodriguez family breathed a sigh of relief when the giant oak withstood the hurricane winds; __________, they gave thanks that crews restored

electricity in twelve short hours. A.as a result B.moreover moreover C.however D.on the other hand Item Item 4 4 Mackenzies clarinet squealed like a startled puppy, __________ she hadnt practiced in weeks. A.because B.for for C.since D.unless Item Item 5 5 __________ Grandma tasted the spaghetti sauce, she declared that it needed more basil and salt. A.Unless B.Although

C.Whereas D.After After Quick Quick Test, Test, Part Part 2 2 Directions: In the items that follow, choose the sentence that expresses the thought most clearly and effectively and that has no errors in structure. Now try this type! Item Item 6 6 A. decided to toskip skipbreakfast,

breakfast, forfor a spider a spider A. We decided crawled out crawled outofofthe thecereal cereal box. box. B. We decided to skip breakfast, and a spider crawled out of the cereal box. C. We decided to skip breakfast, so a spider crawled out of the cereal box. Item Item 7 7 A. Madison and I decided to eat ice cream for dinner so that we had burned enough calories earlier at the gym. B. Madison and

andI Idecided decidedtotoeat eat iceice cream cream forfor B. Madison dinner because dinner becausewe wehad hadburned burned enough enough calories earlier at earlier calories the gym. at the gym. C. Although Madison and I decided to eat ice cream for dinner, we had burned enough calories earlier at the gym.

Item Item 8 8 A. Even though thoughHank Hankvacuumed vacuumed the the rental rental car,car, he A. Even failed he failed to remove to remove all the allhair theof hair Bonkers,

of Bonkers, his golden his golden retriever. retriever. B. Unless Hank vacuumed the rental car, he failed to remove all the hair of Bonkers, his golden retriever. C. Since Hank vacuumed the rental car, he failed to remove all the hair of Bonkers, his golden retriever. Item Item 9 9 A. Bonkers retrieves anything round, but put away those CDs if you dont want teeth marks in them. B. Bonkers retrieves anything round, and put away those CDs if you dont want teeth marks in them. C. Bonkers Bonkers retrieves

retrievesanything anything round, round, so so putput away those those away CDs if CDs you dont if you want dont teeth want marks teeth in them. in them. marks Item Item 10 10

A. Andre mowed mowedthe thelawn lawnwhile while Celia Celia watched watched A. Andre soap operas soap operason ontelevision. television. B. While Andre mowed the lawn Celia watched soap operas on television. C. While Andre mowed the lawn Celia, on the other hand, watched soap operas on television. The End.

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