Cooking Safety & Sanitation - Tamaqua Area School District
Introduction to Kitchen Safety Review: In yesterdays video, the chef was wearing rings. Why is this a safety problem when cooking? Pre Heat Question How many of you eat raw cookie dough or taste your cake batter? Cooking Safety and Sanitation Ms. Makuta Objectives:
Define foodborne illness/foodborne pathogens. Explore the various ways of contracting foodborne illness. Identify common foodborne illnesses contracted during cooking. Why is food safety important? From food borne illness each year: 1 and 6 Americans (or 48 million people) will get sick,128,000 people will be hospitalized, and 3,000 will die of foodborne diseases CDC. Reducing foodborne illness by just 10% would keep 5 million Americans from
getting sick each year. Preventing a single fatal case of E. Coli would save an estimated $7 million. What is foodborne illness? Food Borne Illness: Is a disease carried or transmitted to people by food. Food borne illnesses are infections or irritations of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract caused by food or beverages that contain harmful bacteria, parasites, viruses, or chemicals. Common symptoms of food borne illnesses include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, and chills
What is foodborne illness? Food Based Hazards Contaminated ingredients Who's at Risk Biological Pregnant women Elderly Chemical Babies People Based Hazards Physical Individuals with chronic
Food handling illnesses Time & Temp abuse Cross contamination Poor hygiene Common Foodborne Microorganisms Salmonella: bacteria found on raw uncooked poultry, seafood, diary products, and eggs. Listerosis: bacteria found on deli - ready to eat meats
and other highly processed goods. Listerosis Botulism: bacteria found in improperly canned can goods, or other air tight food items. Hepatitis A Hepatitis A: Virus found in human feces and can contaminate any food a human touches.
Staphylococcus: Found on humans in high concentrations under fingernails and in the nostrils of up to 25% of healthy people. Common Foodborne Microorganisms Trichinosis: Ringworm like parasite found primarily in pork caused by animals eating other animals. Yeast: Fungus known to appear pink and/or bubble
especially in bad sour cream, jelly, or foods that contain sugar. E Coli Ecoli: Bacteria found primarily in beef and unpasteurized products. Shigellosis: Bacteria found in salads and sandwiches that involve a lot of hand contact in their preparation, and raw vegetables contaminated in the field. Shigellosis
Fight Bac How many germs are on your hands right now? Fight Bac How many germs are on your cell phone? Does any one want to guess? Pre Heat Question Is it sanitary to wash your chicken prior to cooking? No, raw chicken and turkey can carry bacteria on their surfaces, research has shown that washing raw poultry under running water in your kitchens ink is a bad idea.
If germs were visible to the naked eye, you would see that washing poultry just splashes bacteria all over you, your kitchen towels, countertops, and any other food you have nearby, such as raw foods or salads. Instead, just take raw poultry straight from the package into the cooking pan. The heat from the cooking process will kill any bacteria that are present. Then simply clean up any splashes and wash your hands with soap and hot water. Oh no, Im sick Doug: Last night: Doug decided to try the new deli with his friend Paul. Doug and Paul both ordered hot Italian subs. Today: Doug texts Paul from the bathroom where he
has sent most of his evening. Paul replies that he has had similar evening. Their symptoms: diarrhea, vomiting, fever Two days later: Doug and Paul are feeling better, back to school, and are 5 pounds lighter. What do you think happened to Doug and Paul? Justify your response. Least Wanted Foodborne Pathogen Salmonella The most common cause of foodborne deaths. Sources: raw and undercooked eggs,
undercooked poultry and meat, fresh fruits and vegetables, and unpasteurized dairy products. Listeriosis A serious disease for pregnant women, newborns, and adults with a weakened immune system. Sources: unpasteurized dairy products, including soft cheeses; sliced deli meats; smoked fish; hot dogs; pate'; and deli-prepared salads (i.e. egg, ham, seafood, and chicken salads).
E. Coli A bacteria that can produce a deadly toxin. U.S. Sources: beef, especially undercooked or raw hamburger; produce; raw milk; and unpasteurized juices and ciders. Least Wanted Foodborne Pathogen Staphylococcus A bacteria that produces a toxin that causes vomiting shortly after being
ingested. Sources: cooked foods high in protein (e.g. cooked ham, salads, bakery products, dairy products) that are held too long at room temperature. Shigella Causes an estimated 448,000 cases of diarrhea illnesses per year. Poor hygiene causes Shigella to be easily passed from person to person and from infected individuals to food items. Sources: salads, unclean water, and any food handled by someone who is infected with the
bacterium. Potentially Hazardous Foods PHF: Support rapid growth of microorganisms Every 20 minutes bacteria double Foods have naturally occurring bacteria living on them that are there to break down the food. Can anyone give an example? There are a list of characteristics of PHFs that you can remember by the acronym FAT TOM FAT TOM F: Time T: Food
Animal Food can origin be in foods the danger that arezone raw or forheat a maximum treated of 4 hours becoming before Plant origin foodshazardous
that are heat treated O: Oxygen A: Acidity grow growth Allows 4.6-7.5 bacteria ideal for to bacteria food products tightly
eliminate exposure to oxygen Wrap High acidity neutralizes thetobacteria Acid will eat the protein M: Moisture Bacteria need moisture to grow T: Temperature 40F or colder 140F or hotter Danger Zone Definition: The temperatures at
which bacteria multiply rapidly. 140F Danger Zone 40F When is the food cooked safe? Poultry and Stuffing: 165 F
Pork: 145 F Beef, Lamb and Seafood: 145 F Rare Beef: 135 F Hamburger (ground beef): 155 F Sanitation Check: The acronym FAT TOM stands for what F A T T
O M Cross Contamination Definition: The transferring of bacteria from person or object to another. Lather Up Always wash hands, cutting boards, dishes, and utensils with hot, soapy water after they come in contact with raw meat, poultry, and seafood. Safely Separate Separate raw meat, poultry, and seafood from other foods in your grocery shopping cart and in your
refrigerator. Seal It To prevent juices from raw meat, poultry, or seafood from dripping onto other foods in the refrigerator, place these raw foods in sealed containers or plastic bags. Marinating Mandate Sauce that is used to marinate raw meat, poultry, or seafood should not be used on cooked foods, unless it is boiled before applying. Take Two If possible, use one cutting board for fresh
produce and use a separate one for raw meat, poultry, and seafood. Clean Your Plate Never place cooked food back on the same plate or cutting board that previously held raw food. http://www.foodsafety.gov/~fsg/f00separ.html Dish Washing Use a Dish Cloth not a Sponge! Sponges contain approximately 7.2 Billion Germs! That is the equivalent
to smearing an 8oz raw piece of chicken breast on your surface! We use dish towels because we wash them after every use. Quiz: What is the correct way to disinfect a sponge? A. B. C. D.
Wash it in the sink Throw it in the dishwasher Throw it in the microwave Let it dry out Correct Answer: C. Throw it in the microwave. The difference between Clean & Sanitize SANITIZE CLEAN Removal NO visible of all
dirtharmful or gunkmicroorganisms -Use 180F -wash surface water with soap & water. -Use sanitizer liquid (bleach, 409) How to Wash Dishes 1. SET up sinks and drying rack as seen below Sink 1 Hot Soapy
H20 WASH Sink 2 Drying Rack HOT H20! RINSE DRY *Note: The hotter the water the faster the dishes will dry
because hot water evaporates quicker How to Wash Dishes 2. Scrape Dishes to clear food 3. Lightly rinse dishes and stack by category 4. Wash dishes by category 5. Rinse dishes 6. Put in drying rack 7. Dry dishes 8. Put away dishes 9. Let water go down & empty food particles from sink 10. Clean sink and put washing & drying towels in washer Works Cited
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