Consumers Rule - abs.edu.gh

Consumers Rule - abs.edu.gh

Chapter 9 Identifying Market Segments and Targets Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-1 Learning Objectives 1.

2. 3. 4. 5. In what ways can a company divide the consumer market into segments? How should business markets be segmented?

How should a company choose the most attractive target markets? What are the requirements for effective segmentation? What are the different levels of market segmentation? Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-2 Bases for Segmenting Consumer Markets Market segment

A group of customers who share a similar set of needs and wants Geographic segmentation Demographic segmentation Psychographic segmentation Behavioral segmentation

Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-3 Geographic Segmentation Geographical units Nations, states, regions, counties, cities, or neighborhoods Nielsen Claritas PRIZM Education and affluence Family life cycle

Urbanization Race and ethnicity Mobility Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-4 Geographic Segmentation Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-5

Demographic Segmentation Age & lifecycle stage Race & culture Life stage Gender Generation Income

Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-6 Demographic Segmentation Age and life-cycle stage Our wants and abilities change with age Life stage A persons major concern (e.g., divorce) Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd.

9-7 Demographic Segmentation Gender Men and women have different attitudes and behave differently Income Income segmentation is a long-standing practice

Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-8 Demographic Segmentation Generation Millennials (Gen Y) Gen X Baby Boomers

Silent Generation Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-9 Demographic Segmentation Race and culture Hispanic Americans Asian Americans

African Americans LGBT Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-10 Psychographic Segmentation Buyers are divided into groups on the basis of psychological/personality traits, lifestyle, or values

Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-11 Figure 9.1: VALS Segmentation System Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-12 BEHAVIORAL

SEGMENTATION Marketers divide buyers into groups on the basis of their knowledge of, attitude toward, use of, or response to a product Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-13 BEHAVIORAL SEGMENTATION Needs and benefits

Decision roles Initiator Influencer Decider Buyer User Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-14 USER AND USAGE-RELATED VARIABLES

Occasions User status Usage rate Attitude Loyalty status Buyerreadiness stage

Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-15 Figure 9.2 Marketing Funnel Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-16 Figure 9.3

Behavioral Segmentation Breakdown Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-17 How Should Business Markets Be Segmented? Demographic Operating variables Purchasing approaches Purchasing approaches

Situational factors Personal characteristics Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-18 Market targeting Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-19 Effective

Segmentation Criteria Measurable Substantial Accessible Differentiable Actionable Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-20 Porters five forces Threat of Rivalry

Threat of New Entrants Threat of Substitutes Threat of Buyer Bargaining Power Threat of Supplier Bargaining Power

Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-21 Evaluating & Selecting the Market Segments Figure 9.4: Possible Levels of Segmentation Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-22

One-to-one marketing Identify your prospects and customers Differentiate customers in terms of their needs and value to your company Interact to improve your knowledge about customers needs and to build relationships Customize products, services, and messages to each customer Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-23 Legal and Ethical Issues

Marketers must avoid consumer backlash Labeling consumers Vulnerable groups Disadvantaged groups Potentially harmful products Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd. 9-24 Copyright 2016 Pearson Education Ltd.

9-25

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