Chapter 9: Canada Moves West Part 1 - HBC and NWC

Chapter 9: Canada Moves West Part 1 - HBC and NWC

Conflict and Colonialism: HBC and NWC MS. DOW SOCIALS 9 Introduction

What do you already know about the Fur Trade? CPH Intro Video Hudsons Bay Company During the 17th century, most of the fur-trading areas were controlled by the French

Radisson and Grossiliers (French courier de bois), visited the Hudsons Bay They proposed a company around the HB to France, and when refused, took their plea to London = Hudsons Bay Company Formed in 1670 Who worked for the

HBC? Posts called factories, each with a head trader called The Factor who kept order Also clerks who looked after the store and exchange of goods Labourers loaded and unloaded boats Staffed by Europeans and traded with First Nations in the

area HBC Trading Methods The HBC practiced Stay by the Bay where the First Nations came to the HBC factors near the Hudsons Bay to trade

During the summer, when there was a lot of trade, official trading ceremonies were held English passed the Royal Charter forbid First Nations near them to trade with anyone else

Where were they located? Located in Ruperts Land and controlled all the area around the Hudsons Bay Very cold, lots of bugs Short trading season

Purpose for the HBC To exploit furs for their home country, England HBC Method of Transportation Ships from trading posts to Europe First Nations travelled to the posts so HBC didnt

need inland transportation North West Company After the fall of New France, Scottish and American traders took over the French fur trade = North West Company formed in 1783 Fierce rivalry with the Hudsons Bay Company

Who worked for the NWC? People who ran NWC posts = Norwester Voyageurs transported good back and forth between Montreal and First Nations communities. They were often French Canadian or Metis.

NWC Trading Methods Trading methods very different from the Hudsons Bay Company The NWC built many posts throughout the interior of the west and north that dealt with specific native communities and used voyageurs to transport furs and goods between

posts and Montreal Where was the NWC NWC land stretched all the way from Montreal to the Prairies! They were even able to intercept some groups on their way to HBC posts and trade with them sneaky!

Purpose of the NWC To exploit furs for their home country, France NWC Transportation Voyageurs travelled by canoe and were usually French Canadian or Metis

Famous for their strength and endurance Could paddle for 50 min an hour, 10 hours a day Fur Trade Song Voyageurs are known for the songs that they composed and sang while they paddled. Here is the most famous example

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