Chapter 5 Public Spending and Public Choice

Chapter 5 Public Spending and Public Choice

Chapter 5: Public Spending and Public Choice Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Consumers are sovereign when A. B. C. D. prices are decided by sellers. they control the government. they can prevent market failure.

they have the freedom to decide what they wish to purchase. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Which of the following statements is NOT true about the price system? A. The price system allows resources to flow from low-valued uses to high-valued uses. B. The price system encourages the production of public goods. C. Individuals have freedom to purchase what they want.

D. The price system allows for economic efficiency. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights A negative externality such as pollution can be corrected by A. B. C. D. a subsidy to producers.

a tax on producers. a subsidy to consumers. a stimulus to production. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights According to the above figure, if steel mills ignore the cost of pollution, the equilibrium quantity of steel will most likely be A. Q1. B. Q2. C. Q2 - Q1. D. none of the above.

Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Which of the following legal subjects is most concerned with the economic function of the legal system? A. B. C. D. criminal law public goods

antitrust legislation civil rights Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Private schools are able to exclude students from attending classes they offer unless students have been accepted and paid tuition and fees. This suggests that education is A. B. C. D.

subject to the principle of rival consumption. subject to the free-rider problem. not subject to the exclusion principle. a public good. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Public goods face the A. B. C. D.

principle of rival consumption. free-rider problem. law of overproduction. exclusion principle. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights A characteristic of a public good is that a public good is provided A. B. C.

D. to some businesses, but not to others. only in some states. to low income residents in some states. to many individuals at no additional cost. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights A government-sponsored good is one that A. is desirable to no one but ruled desirable by the court system nonetheless. B. everyone agrees is socially desirable.

C. freely competitive markets have determined is socially desirable. D. the political process has determined is socially desirable. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Which of the following types of goods would most likely be classified as a government-inhibited good? A. B. C.

D. heroin marijuana tobacco All of the above are correct. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights A public museum is an example of a A. B. C.

D. government-sponsored good. public good. good that generates a positive externality. good that generates a negative externality. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights A political function of government is to A. encourage the consumption of governmentsponsored goods. B. provide public goods. C. correct for externalities.

D. encourage the workings of the price system. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Government payment of a per-unit subsidy for medical care causes A. the market supply curve to shift upward. B. the market demand curve to shift downward. C. a reduction in the price that providers of medical care receive for each unit of care provided. D. an increase in the quantity of medical care demanded above the quantity demanded in the

absence of the subsidy. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Which of the following is a major reason why the Medicare program is in such financial trouble? A. Workers are not paying enough into the program. B. The government set reimbursement rates too high. C. Because medical services are subsidized by the government, both consumption by the elderly and the cost of services have increased.

D. There is a shortage of medical school applicants. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Refer to the above figure. Medicare subsidies have increased the price of medical services to Ps. The perceived price on the part of consumers is A. Ps. B. P0. C. Pd. D. undetermined without more information.

Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Which of the following statements about public education is TRUE? A. Over the last 40 years, there has been an increase in spending for public education, while there has not been a significant increase in performance. B. Over the last 40 years, there has been a decrease in public spending for public education, while there has not been a significant increase in performance. C. Most of the increases in public spending on public education have gone into programs that have increased student learning.

D. Over the last 40 years there has been no decline in any of the measures of student performance in public education. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights In which of the following ways is the private market sector similar to the public sector in terms of decision making? A. Prices determine the demand for goods and services in each sector. B. There is competition for scarce resource in both sectors. C. Both sectors may use a type of "force" if

necessary. D. Votes by individual voters are basically equal in importance with dollars spent by individuals on goods. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights Scarcity A. affects both market and public sector decision making. B. affects market, but not public sector decision making. C. affects public sector, but not market decision making.

D. is really not an issue in such a wealthy nation as the United States. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights The market and public sector are similar in that A. there is competition amongst the participants in both sectors. B. the resources used in both sectors are scarce. C. the participants in both sectors react to incentives. D. All of the above are true.

Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights If U.S. consumers increase their spending on hybrid cars by 60 percent, and 60 percent more hybrid cars are produced, this is known as the A. B. C. D. majority rule. proportional rule. government rule.

profit rule. Roger LeRoy Miller reserved. Economics Today, Sixteenth Edition 2012 Pearson Addison-Wesley. All rights

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