cal-span.org

cal-span.org

Agricultural Order 4.0 Discussion Item 3 May 15-16, 2019 Riparian Habitat Management Table 5 Paula Richter 1 Outline 1. Riparian Habitat Functions and Values 2. Staffs Recommended Option Table 5 2 Riparian Habitat Functions, Values and Beneficial Use Protection Municipal/Domestic Supply Sediment Trapping Agricultural Supply Pollutant Filtering Groundwater Recharge Stream Energy Dissipation Fresh Water Replenishment Rain Drop Dissipation Cold/Warm Fresh Water Habitat Shade/Temperature Wildlife Habitat Streambank Stabilization Spawning Habitat Extended Seasonal Flows Commercial/Sport Fishing Rare, Threatened, Endangered Species Habitat Surface Water Storage Recreation Recreation Graphic courtesy of EPA (2005) Wildlife Habitat 3 Updated Options Tables 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Irrigation and Nutrient Management Groundwater Irrigation and Nutrient Management Surface Water

Pesticide Management Surface Water, Groundwater Sediment and Erosion Management Surface Water Riparian Habitat Management Water Quality QUESTIONS: What can growers and the regional board do to ensure that riparian and wetland habitat is protected due to agricultural activities and discharges? How can the regional board use discharge permit requirements to ensure current and future affordable, safe, and clean water for drinking and environmental uses? 4 TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT MANAGEMENT FOR WATER QUALITY PROTECTION Ag Order 4.0 Updated Option Phasing or Prioritization Prioritization based on location-specific conditions such as beneficial use impairment and high-quality waterbodies. Setback Width and Native Vegetative Cover Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits) Individual Approach in priority areas Ranch-level setback width and percent native vegetative cover requirements for priority waterbodies are based on stream classification system. Strahler Class Class 1 (ag ditch) Class 2 Class 3 and 4 Class 5 Class 6 Lakes, estuaries, and wetlands Percent Slope 15 - 17% 18 - 20% 21 - 23% 24 - 25% Minimum Setback Width no setback requirement 50 feet with grasses 80 feet with shrubs and grasses 150 feet with trees, shrubs, and grasses 250 feet with diverse trees, shrubs, and grasses 250 feet with diverse trees, shrubs, and grasses Setback Width Adjustment add 10 feet add 30 feet add 50 feet add 60 feet OR Cooperative Approach in priority areas 3P Participate in a Cooperative Watershed Restoration Program (as approved by Executive Officer) AND must have a vegetated setback 1.5 times the width of the waterbody on each side. A Cooperative Approach program may not be approved in certain watersheds if it will result in degradation. Restoration acreage is based upon the setback acreage that would have been required on the

farm under the Individual Approach, at the following mitigation ratios: Waterbody Type Class 2 Class 3 and 4 Class 5 and 6 Lakes, estuaries, and wetlands Ratio 1:1 2:1 3:1 4:1 5 TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT MANAGEMENT FOR WATER QUALITY PROTECTION Ag Order 4.0 Updated Option Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits) All other non-priority waterbodies and ranches participating in Cooperative Approach All dischargers with a Class 2 or higher waterbody on or adjacent to their ranch must have a vegetated setback for erosion control that is 1.5 times the width of the waterbody on each side. The presence of bare soil vulnerable to erosion is prohibited for all waterbody classes. No nonnative invasive species may be planted within setbacks. Prohibition The removal of existing native riparian vegetative cover is prohibited, unless authorized through another permitting mechanism. Time Schedule* Setback Width Establishment Setback width establishment date to be determined based on priority areas. Native Vegetative Cover Establishment Native vegetative cover establishment date to be determined based on priority areas. 6 TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT MANAGEMENT FOR WATER QUALITY PROTECTION Ag Order 4.0 Updated Option Monitoring and Reporting* Riparian Management Reporting Individual Approach a. Buffer width, in feet b. Total native vegetative cover, in percent c. Vegetative cover by type, in percent (trees, shrubs, grasses, non-vegetated) d. Digital map of farm and setback boundaries Cooperative Approach 3P Cooperative program monitors and reports progress annually. Surface Water Quality Trends 3P All ranches must conduct regional bioassessment trend monitoring, either individually or through a cooperative program. -Cooperative Approach may allow for reduced setback and vegetation requirements within the ranch. Incentives 7 401 Water Quality Certification

Minor culvert maintenance Native vegetation planting Non-native invasive species removal Bioengineered soil stabilization Berm removal Trash removal 8 SUMMARIZED FRAMEWORK TABLE AG ORDER 4.0 TABLE 1: IRRIGATION TABLE 2: IRRIGATION TABLE 3: TABLE 4: SEDIMENT & NUTRIENT - GW & NUTRIENT - SW PESTICIDES & EROSION -Location-specific phasing Phasing or Prioritization Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits) Time Schedule* Monitoring and Reporting* Incentives 3 P 3 TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Waterbody prioritization -Discharge Limit AFER + AIRR R -AFER Limit (by crop) -AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -Impermeable, slope, winter

-Sediment mass discharge -Receiving SW alteration -Design storm -Individual or Cooperative -Priority and Non-priority -Setbacks widths -Vegetation -Prohibition -Time schedule with Discharge Targets & Limits -High AIRR incentive -AFER Limit (by crop) by 2022 -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -Table 2, 3 time schedule -TBD INMP TNA, R, Irrigation Mgmt. Practices Individual Discharge to GW Domestic Wells GW Trends INMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW Individual Discharge to SW -PMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -GW Pesticides SEMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -RMP -Setbacks and vegetation -Receiving SW Trends -High AIRR incentive -Compost -Increase R -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Cooperative approach 9 Thank You !

10 Topics for Questions on Table 5 1. 2. 3. 4. Prioritization Priority waterbody requirements Non-priority waterbody requirements Prohibition 11 SUMMARIZED FRAMEWORK TABLE AG ORDER 4.0 TABLE 1: IRRIGATION TABLE 2: IRRIGATION TABLE 3: TABLE 4: SEDIMENT & NUTRIENT - GW & NUTRIENT - SW PESTICIDES & EROSION -Location-specific phasing Phasing or Prioritization Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits) Time Schedule* Monitoring and Reporting* Incentives 3 P 3 TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Waterbody prioritization -Discharge Limit AFER + AIRR R -AFER Limit (by crop) -AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit

-Impermeable, slope, winter -Sediment mass discharge -Receiving SW alteration -Design storm -Individual or Cooperative -Priority and Non-priority -Setbacks widths -Vegetation -Prohibition -Time schedule with Discharge Targets & Limits -High AIRR incentive -AFER Limit (by crop) by 2022 -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -Table 2, 3 time schedule -TBD INMP TNA, R, Irrigation Mgmt. Practices Individual Discharge to GW Domestic Wells GW Trends INMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW Individual Discharge to SW -PMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -GW Pesticides SEMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -RMP -Setbacks and vegetation -Receiving SW Trends -High AIRR incentive -Compost -Increase R -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Cooperative approach 12 SUMMARIZED FRAMEWORK TABLE AG ORDER 4.0

TABLE 1: IRRIGATION TABLE 2: IRRIGATION TABLE 3: TABLE 4: SEDIMENT & NUTRIENT - GW & NUTRIENT - SW PESTICIDES & EROSION -Location-specific phasing Phasing or Prioritization Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits) Time Schedule* Monitoring and Reporting* Incentives 3 P 3 -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT -Waterbody prioritization -Discharge Limit AFER + AIRR R -AFER Limit (by crop) -AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs -TMDLs or WQOs AFER Limit (consequence) 1. Prioritization -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -Impermeable, slope, winter -Sediment mass discharge -Receiving SW alteration Should staff proceed with including waterbody-Design storm -Individual or Cooperative -Priority and Non-priority -Setbacks widths -Vegetation -Prohibition -Time schedule with Discharge Targets & Limits -High AIRR incentive -AFER Limit (by crop) by 2022

-TMDL time schedules -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -Non-TMDL the draft Ag Order areas 4.0? TBD based prioritization for riparian requirements in -Table 2, 3 time schedule -TBD INMP TNA, R, Irrigation Mgmt. Practices Individual Discharge to GW Domestic Wells GW Trends INMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW Individual Discharge to SW -PMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -GW Pesticides SEMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -RMP -Setbacks and vegetation -Receiving SW Trends -High AIRR incentive -Compost -Increase R -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Cooperative approach 13 SUMMARIZED FRAMEWORK TABLE AG ORDER 4.0 TABLE 1: IRRIGATION TABLE 2: IRRIGATION TABLE 3: TABLE 4: SEDIMENT & NUTRIENT - GW & NUTRIENT - SW PESTICIDES & EROSION -Location-specific phasing Phasing or Prioritization Quantifiable

Milestones* (Numeric Limits) -Time schedule with Discharge Targets & Limits -High AIRR incentive -AFER Limit (by crop) by 2022 Time Schedule* Monitoring and Reporting* Incentives -Discharge Limit AFER + AIRR R -AFER Limit (by crop) -AFER Limit (consequence) 3 P 3 INMP TNA, R, Irrigation Mgmt. Practices Individual Discharge to GW Domestic Wells GW Trends -High AIRR incentive -Compost -Increase R -Third party programs -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -Impermeable, slope, winter -Sediment mass discharge -Receiving SW alteration storm a. Should staff proceed with including setback -Design and vegetation TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT -Waterbody prioritization -Receiving SW Limit and/or -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs -TMDLs or WQOs A Limit (consequence) 2.FERPriority Waterbody Requirements -Individual or Cooperative -Priority and Non-priority -Setbacks widths -Vegetation

-Prohibition requirements for beneficial in priority -TMDL time schedules -TMDLuse timeprotection schedules -Table 2, areas? 3 time schedule -Non-TMDL areas TBD -Non-TMDL areas TBD -TBD b. Should staff proceed with incorporating both individual and cooperative watershed-based options for complying with the INMP -PMP SEMP riparian requirements? Mgmt. Practices Mgmt. Practices Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW Individual Discharge to SW -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -GW Pesticides -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -RMP -Setbacks and vegetation -Receiving SW Trends -Cooperative approach 14 SUMMARIZED FRAMEWORK TABLE AG ORDER 4.0 TABLE 1: IRRIGATION TABLE 2: IRRIGATION TABLE 3: TABLE 4: SEDIMENT & NUTRIENT - GW & NUTRIENT - SW PESTICIDES & EROSION -Location-specific phasing Phasing or Prioritization Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits)

Time Schedule* Monitoring and Reporting* Incentives 3 P 3 -Watershed prioritization TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Discharge Limit AFER + AIRR R -AFER Limit (by crop) -AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs -Time schedule with Discharge Targets & Limits -High AIRR incentive -AFER Limit (by crop) by 2022 -TMDL time schedules -TMDL time schedules -Table 2, 3 time schedule vegetation requirements focused on sediment -Non-TMDL areas TBD -Non-TMDL areas TBD -TBD INMP TNA, R, Irrigation Mgmt. Practices Individual Discharge to GW Domestic Wells GW Trends INMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW Individual Discharge to SW -PMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW

-GW Pesticides SEMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -RMP -Setbacks and vegetation -Receiving SW Trends -High AIRR incentive -Compost -Increase R -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Cooperative approach -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -Impermeable, slope, winter -Sediment mass discharge -Receiving SW alteration 3. Non-Priority Waterbody Requirements -Design storm Should staff proceed with including setback and -Waterbody prioritization -Individual or Cooperative -Priority and Non-priority -Setbacks widths -Vegetation -Prohibition and erosion control for non-priority areas? 15 SUMMARIZED FRAMEWORK TABLE AG ORDER 4.0 TABLE 1: IRRIGATION TABLE 2: IRRIGATION TABLE 3: TABLE 4: SEDIMENT & NUTRIENT - GW & NUTRIENT - SW PESTICIDES & EROSION -Location-specific phasing Phasing or Prioritization Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits) -Time schedule with Discharge Targets & Limits -High AIRR incentive -AFER Limit (by crop) by 2022 Time Schedule* Monitoring

and Reporting* Incentives -Discharge Limit AFER + AIRR R -AFER Limit (by crop) -AFER Limit (consequence) 3 P 3 TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Waterbody prioritization -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -Impermeable, slope, winter -Sediment mass discharge -Receiving SW alteration -Design storm -Individual or Cooperative -Priority and Non-priority -Setbacks widths -Vegetation -Prohibition -TMDL time schedules4. Prohibition -TMDL time schedules -Table 2, 3 time schedule -Non-TMDL areas TBDShould-Non-TMDL areas TBD staff proceed with carrying forward and clarifying the prohibition against removing existing-PMP riparian vegetation? SEMP INMP TNA, R, Irrigation Mgmt. Practices Individual Discharge to GW Domestic Wells GW Trends INMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW Individual Discharge to SW

-High AIRR incentive -Compost -Increase R -Third party programs -Third party programs Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -GW Pesticides Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -Third party programs -Third party programs -TBD -RMP -Setbacks and vegetation -Receiving SW Trends -Cooperative approach 16 SUMMARIZED FRAMEWORK TABLE AG ORDER 4.0 TABLE 1: IRRIGATION TABLE 2: IRRIGATION TABLE 3: TABLE 4: SEDIMENT & NUTRIENT - GW & NUTRIENT - SW PESTICIDES & EROSION -Location-specific phasing Phasing or Prioritization Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits) Time Schedule* Monitoring and Reporting* Incentives 3 P 3 TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization

-Waterbody prioritization -Discharge Limit AFER + AIRR R -AFER Limit (by crop) -AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -Impermeable, slope, winter -Sediment mass discharge -Receiving SW alteration -Design storm -Individual or Cooperative -Priority and Non-priority -Setbacks widths -Vegetation -Prohibition -Time schedule with Discharge Targets & Limits -High AIRR incentive -AFER Limit (by crop) by 2022 -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -Table 2, 3 time schedule -TBD INMP TNA, R, Irrigation Mgmt. Practices Individual Discharge to GW Domestic Wells GW Trends INMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW Individual Discharge to SW -PMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -GW Pesticides SEMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -RMP -Setbacks and vegetation

-Receiving SW Trends -High AIRR incentive -Compost -Increase R -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Cooperative approach 17 SUMMARIZED FRAMEWORK TABLE AG ORDER 4.0 TABLE 1: IRRIGATION TABLE 2: IRRIGATION TABLE 3: TABLE 4: SEDIMENT & NUTRIENT - GW & NUTRIENT - SW PESTICIDES & EROSION -Location-specific phasing Phasing or Prioritization Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits) Time Schedule* Monitoring and Reporting* Incentives 3 P 3 TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Waterbody prioritization -Discharge Limit AFER + AIRR R -AFER Limit (by crop) -AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs

-Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -Impermeable, slope, winter -Sediment mass discharge -Receiving SW alteration -Design storm -Individual or Cooperative -Priority and Non-priority -Setbacks widths -Vegetation -Prohibition -Time schedule with Discharge Targets & Limits -High AIRR incentive -AFER Limit (by crop) by 2022 -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -Table 2, 3 time schedule -TBD INMP TNA, R, Irrigation Mgmt. Practices Individual Discharge to GW Domestic Wells GW Trends INMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW Individual Discharge to SW -PMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -GW Pesticides SEMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -RMP -Setbacks and vegetation -Receiving SW Trends -High AIRR incentive -Compost -Increase R -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Cooperative approach 18

SUMMARIZED FRAMEWORK TABLE AG ORDER 4.0 TABLE 1: IRRIGATION TABLE 2: IRRIGATION TABLE 3: TABLE 4: SEDIMENT & NUTRIENT - GW & NUTRIENT - SW PESTICIDES & EROSION -Location-specific phasing Phasing or Prioritization Quantifiable Milestones* (Numeric Limits) Time Schedule* Monitoring and Reporting* Incentives 3 P 3 TABLE 5: RIPARIAN HABITAT -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Watershed prioritization -Waterbody prioritization -Discharge Limit AFER + AIRR R -AFER Limit (by crop) -AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs AFER Limit (consequence) -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -TMDLs or WQOs -Receiving SW Limit and/or Discharge Limit -Impermeable, slope, winter -Sediment mass discharge -Receiving SW alteration -Design storm -Individual or Cooperative -Priority and Non-priority -Setbacks widths -Vegetation -Prohibition -Time schedule with Discharge Targets & Limits -High AIRR incentive

-AFER Limit (by crop) by 2022 -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -TMDL time schedules -Non-TMDL areas TBD -Table 2, 3 time schedule -TBD INMP TNA, R, Irrigation Mgmt. Practices Individual Discharge to GW Domestic Wells GW Trends INMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW Individual Discharge to SW -PMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -GW Pesticides SEMP Mgmt. Practices -Receiving SW Trends -Follow-Up Receiving SW -Individual Discharge to SW -RMP -Setbacks and vegetation -Receiving SW Trends -High AIRR incentive -Compost -Increase R -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Third party programs -Cooperative approach 19 Questions ? 20

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • SciQuest Sales Presentation

    SciQuest Sales Presentation

    SciQuest was founded in 1995 as an eCommerce business-to-business exchange for scientific products and conducted an initial public offering in 1999. In 2001, we brought in a new management team, exited the business-to-business exchange model and began selling our on-demand...
  • Person Center Care Goal - NORC

    Person Center Care Goal - NORC

    Person-centered care means that nursing home residents are supported in achieving the level of physical, mental and psychosocial well-being that is individually practicable. This goal honors the importance of keeping the person at the center of the care planning and...
  • Transportation and transition - YTP

    Transportation and transition - YTP

    Why transportation and transition. Focus on independence and post-school life. Once students are out of school, they absolutely will have places to go and planning for transportation as part of the transition process is of the utmost importance
  • How can we measure the weather? These icons

    How can we measure the weather? These icons

    Temperature Wind anemometer Wind speed is measured by an anemometer. This has metal cups which rotate in the wind. The stronger the wind, the faster the anemometer turns. Wind is simply moving air. ... from stratum, the Latin word for...
  • Mechanical Presentation - Zhejiang University

    Mechanical Presentation - Zhejiang University

    The Metropolis-Hastings algorithm. The MH algorithm works as follows. First, X1 is set to some arbitrary point in X. To determine the value of Xi+1 at each step, a"tentative" sample x* is generated from a proposal density function q(x|xi). In...
  • 1.04 Employ product mix strategies to meet customer expectations

    1.04 Employ product mix strategies to meet customer expectations

    PRODUCT SERVICE MANAGEMENT. Concepts and procedures necessary to obtain, develop, maintain, and improve a product or service mix in response to market opportunities.. PRODUCT: The . goods and services . a business will offer to its . customers
  • Introductory Slide Title

    Introductory Slide Title

    Setting up central funds and processes for open-access publishing and dissemination Stephen Pinfield University of Nottingham Open access (OA) mandates RCUK BBSRC ESRC MRC NERC STFC (PPARC and CCLRC) Charities/independent funders British Heart Foundation Cancer Research UK Wellcome Trust Routes...
  • Vygotsky's Marxism: A 21st Century Leftist Bolshevik Critique ...

    Vygotsky's Marxism: A 21st Century Leftist Bolshevik Critique ...

    Vygotsky's popularity is decreasing these days. This is the finding that has been demonstrated in an over 2.5 years' and ongoing longitudinal study of Google Scholar citation rate of Vygotsky-Cole's "Mind in Society"—the most quoted book that ever came out...