Forklift Operator Training 29 CFR 1910.178 Is Forklift Training Necessary? About 100 deaths each year About 95,000 accidents each year Bankruptcy
New OSHA training standard Forklift Operating Goals Hazards and forklift stability Inspecting and operating a forklift Quiz Authorized Operator Only trained and authorized personnel are permitted to operate a forklift
Keep unauthorized employees off of forklifts Keep pedestrians away from the operating zone of a forklift Lock out unsafe lifts as determined in a preoperation inspection Operating Hazards Workplace hazards: ramps, railroad tracks, slippery floors, poor lighting, congestion
Loads: large or bulky, uneven weight, broken pallets, poorly stacked Pedestrians: horseplay, unaware of forklift areas, not paying attention Nameplate OSHA requires a legible nameplate Includes modifications & attachments Capacity Load center
Center of Gravity Balance point 48 A Distance from the edge of the item to the items center of gravity 20 B
40 Load Center Distance from vertical face of the forks to the loads center of gravity A: Load center = 24" B: Load center = 40" 48 A
80 B 1 inch = 100 lbs Important reason for keeping the load resting against the vertical face of forks Stability Triangle 3-point suspension Forklifts center of gravity
Combined center of gravity Load center beyond 24" Combined Actions Center of gravity moves side to side Center of gravity moves forward
Center of gravity moves backward to the thin portion of the triangle Attachments Specific operator training Weight of attachments Increased
load center Tipping Over Do not jump Hold onto the steering wheel Brace your feet Lean away from the fall Forklift Operating Goals Hazards and forklift stability
Inspecting and operating a forklift Quiz Preoperation Inspection As an authorized operator, it is your responsibility to make sure your forklift functions properly OSHA requires
preoperation inspections Company wants to comply with OSHA and be sure equipment is maintained Walk Around Forklift properly disengaged Forks down, key off, neutral gear, parking brake on
Left/right side Tire condition, tight lug nuts, no debris around axle, overhead guard is solid, no debris behind the mast Front Forks in good shape, fork pins in place, backrest solid, mast & chains greased, hoses in good shape
Rear Counterbalance bolt is tight, radiator clear of debris In the Seat Nonmoving checks Gauges, lights, horn, back-up alarm, blinking warning light, operate the tilt & lift mechanism, check the parking brake
Moving checks Put on the seat belt, check the running brakes, check the steering Look for oil or water leaks on the floor Operating a Lift Truck
Only trained, authorized operators Immediately report forklift-related accidents Seat belts must always be worn No person should stand under elevated portion of lift truck Forklift controls operated only from drivers seat Never block exits or emergency equipment
Smoking is not permitted Loading/Unloading Before raising a load, understand: Approximate weight of the load Location of the loads center of gravity Inspect load for stability, projections, damaged pallets before lifting Restack unstable loads Never place weight on the back of
a lift truck to increase its capacity Towing always done from rear towing pin Traveling Always look in the direction of travel Keep body inside the cage When moving, the mast must not be raised Sound the horn Operate at safe speeds
When turning, watch rear end swing Clearance under overhead installations Traveling (cont.) Avoid loose objects or holes If load blocks view, travel in reverse Never carry passengers
Pedestrians always have the right-ofway Safe distance from edge of ramps or docks Never eat or drink No stunt driving or horseplay Ramps and Railroads Never turn on a ramp On ramps the load should be upgrade Ascend or descend ramps slowly Railroad tracks are crossed diagonally
Never park within 8 feet of the center of railroad tracks Docks Inspect the dock plate Check the trailer floor condition Trailer wheels are chocked Nose of the trailer is supported by the tractor or a fixed jack Parking
Lower the forks Set gear to neutral Set the parking brake Turn off the key Propane Refueling Propane is a combustible, compressed gas Propane leaks are detected by: Distinct odor Hissing sound
Frost on fittings PPE: gloves, safety glasses Battery Charging Inspect battery connectors for damage No smoking in battery-charging area Immediately clean up electrolyte spills PPE includes face mask, acid-resistant gloves, and an apron
Forklift Operating Goals Hazards and Forklift Stability Inspecting and Operating a Forklift Quiz Summary Facility hazards Load center and capacity Preoperation inspection Rules of the road Refueling
Quiz 1. If your forklift has a rearview mirror, looking behind you is not necessary. True or False 2. Name two of the three ways to detect a propane leak: _______________, _______________ 3. Describe the four items that must be completed prior to driving your forklift into a trailer.
4. If a load blocks your vision, it is OK to raise the load while moving to see under it. True or False 5. Preoperation inspections are done only because OSHA says we have to do them.True or False Quiz (cont.) 6. Attachments reduce capacity by increasing
the load center and adding weight. True or False 7. Minimum PPE items required when refueling a propane tank are ___________, ____________. 8. The most important differences between a forklift and a car are weight and steering.True or False 9. Name at least one condition that when combined with turning sharply may cause a tipover. 10. Pedestrians have the right-of-way only while in designated pedestrian lanes. False
True or Quiz Answers 1. False. You must always look behind you before backing up. 2. Hissing sound, distinct odor, or frost on fittings. 3. Chock the wheels, support the nose of the trailer, inspect the dock plate, check the trailer floor. 4. False. Never drive with the load up. Drive in reverse when the load obstructs forward vision.
5. False. Inspections are also done so that the operator can prevent mechanical failure accidents and because the company needs to prove compliance with OSHAs requirement. Quiz Answers (cont.) 6. True. Attachments are heavy, and they cause the load center to move away from the forklift.
7. Gloves and safety glasses are the minimum PPE required. 8. True. There are many differences, but the most significant are weight and steering. 9. Hitting a pothole, carrying an off-center load, getting a flat tire, having a raised & tilted back load, or being on a ramp. 10. False. Pedestrians always have the right of way.
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