Bird, Beak, and Feet lab

Bird, Beak, and Feet lab

Bird, Beak, and Feet lab 9-20-17 Get ready for Bellwork 1. The genus name of the rose Ryan is looking for is Rosa. Its specific name is alba. What will it say on the tag identifying the plant? a. b. c. d. Alba Rose Rose Ryan Alba rosa Rosa alba

2 . 3. According to the dichotomous key, which fish is pictured? a. b. c. d. smallmouth bass lantern fish yellow perch goby 4. Where does the scientific name come from?

a. b. c. d. Domain and kingdom Genus and species Family and class Phylum and order 5. The habitat of a moth species included trees with both light and dark colored bark. Therefore the moth species included both light and dark colored variants. Then the light-colored trees were wiped out by a disease, and within a few years nearly all the moths in this forest were dark colored Which of the following choices BEST explains what happened? a. The dark moths were less visible to predators, so mostly light moths were eaten.

b. The few light moths that survived did not mate, and therefore they had no offspring. c. The light moths that survived all had dark offspring in order to adapt to the change. d. The light moths changed their wing pigments to darker colors to avoid being eaten. 6. Variation happens as a result of the exchange of genetic information as it is passed from parent to offspring. Which of the following is true about inherited variation? a. Variation can influence the amount of available food in an ecosystem b. Variation can influence the amount of rainfall in an ecosystem c. Variation can influence whether organisms are more likely to survive to reproduce. d. Variation can influence the resources that are available to an organism. 7. Engineers designed a new construction material. When a strong enough force is applied to this material, the material turns red. This change in color is intended to warn people that the material has reached a breaking point. Which situation would best show that the new material provides a benefit?

a. When used in a bridge, the material remains for a long time without changing color. b. When used in a building, the material changes colors in different levels of light. c. In a laboratory test, the material fails to change color. d. At a construction site, the color change allows workers to move to a safe area. Bird Beaks 1. The genus name of the rose Ryan is looking for is Rosa. Its specific name is alba. What will it say on the tag identifying the plant? a. b. c. d. Alba Rose Rose Ryan

Alba rosa Rosa alba 2 . 3. According to the dichotomous key, which fish is pictured? a. b. c. d. smallmouth bass lantern fish yellow perch goby

4. Where does the scientific name come from? a. b. c. d. Domain and kingdom Genus and species Family and class Phylum and order 5. The habitat of a moth species included trees with both light and dark colored bark. Therefore the moth species included both light and dark colored variants. Then the light-colored trees were wiped out by a disease, and within a few years nearly all the moths in this forest were dark colored Which of the following choices BEST explains what happened?

a. The dark moths were less visible to predators, so mostly light moths were eaten. b. The few light moths that survived did not mate, and therefore they had no offspring. c. The light moths that survived all had dark offspring in order to adapt to the change. d. The light moths changed their wing pigments to darker colors to avoid being eaten. 6. Variation happens as a result of the exchange of genetic information as it is passed from parent to offspring. Which of the following is true about inherited variation? a. Variation can influence the amount of available food in an ecosystem b. Variation can influence the amount of rainfall in an ecosystem c. Variation can influence whether organisms are more likely to survive to reproduce. d. Variation can influence the resources that are available to an organism. 7. Engineers designed a new construction material. When a strong enough force is applied to this material, the material turns red. This change in color is intended to warn people that the material has reached a breaking point.

Which situation would best show that the new material provides a benefit? a. When used in a bridge, the material remains for a long time without changing color. b. When used in a building, the material changes colors in different levels of light. c. In a laboratory test, the material fails to change color. d. At a construction site, the color change allows workers to move to a safe area. I can Predict the change in adaptation for a population. Explain the purpose of an adaptation (which beak picks up food better?). I can predict the most appropriate adaptation for an environment (which beak works better?). TOC # 22. Bird Beak Activity Word Wall Quiz Thursday!!! Variation in Populations

Galapagos arealocated in the Pacific Ocean At some pointhas inIslands past, small population ofand Finches The Each island

athe slightly different ecosystem, these about 600 miles west of Ecuador (see picture below). (birds) were blown from South

American to these islands. finches adapted accordingly. This lead to significant variation in the shapes and sizes of their beaks. South American Finch Variation in Populations Over time the finches developed different beak shapes and sizes in order to eat the local food (structural adaptations). Food Source Only Bugs narrow-pointed

beak for eating insects Food Source Nuts & Bugs Food Source Only Nuts Moderately wide beak Very wide beak for with a sharp point for only eating nuts cracking nuts and eating insects Activity Lets see how beak variations in a population of birds enables individuals to adapt to a specific environment.

For thisspecies activityis we will simulate the food items A bird brought to an island withwith just these 4 food4 sources. Remember to take turns!

Worms Bugs Toothpicks Pennies Seeds Fruit Beans Marbles Activity

The genetic diversity resulting from sexual reproduction and/ or mutations has led to four different beak types. For this activity we will simulate the beaks with these 4 items Remember to take turns! Large/wide Beak Medium Beak Plastic Spoons Clothespins Small Beak

Large/thin beak Small Popsicle Sticks Large Popsicle Sticks Activity At your groups, you will be given simulated bird beaks and bird food. You will have only 30 seconds each to eat your food. You will record your data using info from these 2 tables. Food Names Represented by Calories

toothpicks 10 Bugs Pennies 15 Seeds Beans 10

Fruit Marbles 20 Worms Beak Type To Survive To Reproduce Large/wide beak (spoons) 60

100 Medium Beak (clothespins) 60 100 Small Beak (small popsicle sticks) 60 100 Large/thin beak (large popsicle sticks)

60 100 One at a time, conduct timed trials (30 seconds each) with each beak type. Fill in the chart with your data. Large/wide Beak Large/Wide Beak (spoons) Food Names Worms (toothpicks) Bugs (Pennies) Seeds (Beans) Fruit (Marbles) Amount

Eaten Calories Consumed Survive Reproduce (Yes or No) (Yes or No) One at a time, conduct timed trials (30 seconds each) with each beak type. Fill in the chart with your data. Medium Beak

Medium Beak (clothespins) Food Names Worms (toothpicks) Bugs (Pennies) Seeds (Beans) Fruit (Marbles) Amount Eaten Calories Consumed Survive Reproduce

(Yes or No) (Yes or No) One at a time, conduct timed trials (30 seconds each) with each beak type. Fill in the chart with your data. Small Beak Small Beak (small popsicle sticks) Food Names Worms (toothpicks) Bugs (Pennies) Seeds (Beans) Fruit (Marbles)

Amount Eaten Calories Consumed Survive Reproduce (Yes or No) (Yes or No) One at a time, conduct timed trials (30 seconds each) with each beak type. Fill in the chart with your data. Large/thin beak

Large/thin Beak (large popsicle sticks) Food Names Worms (toothpicks) Bugs (Pennies) Seeds (Beans) Fruit (Marbles) Amount Eaten Calories Consumed Survive

Reproduce (Yes or No) (Yes or No) SPI 0807.5.3 Variation in Populations Essential Question What is the connection between genetic variations within a population, environmental conditions, and the survival rate of the sub-groups within that population? Real World Issue What if two bird species occupy the same ecosystem competing for a limited food source, but one of these species is much better adapted than the other bird species?

Closure Question How does the type of food available within a habitat affect the traits of the animals that live there? 23. Bird Beaks and Feet Introduction: A bird's beak and feet can tell us much about their habitat and lifestyle. Most birds are even classified according to structural similarities between their beaks and feet. In this exercise, you will look at pictures of birds and make inferences about their lifestyles. I can list 3 types of adaptations. Examine the images of birds and write your inference about what the bird eats, and where it lives.

I can list 3 types of adaptations. I can list 3 types of adaptations. Analysis 1. What features of a hummingbird make it adapted for its style of feeding? 2. Imagine an ideal flying predator. What type of beak and feet would it have? 3. Different birds may have similar beaks and diets. Loons, herons, and kingfishers, for instance, all have long sharp pointed beaks for spearing fish. Their feet, however, are quite different. Describe how the loon, heron, and kingfisher differ in the method by which they hunt for fish (using their feet to help you answer) 4. Owls have large eyes that enable it to see well at night. Both the hawk and the owl hunt similar things: small rodents or snakes. How do the

hawk and the owl avoid competing with each other? 5. Birds that live on the prairie have short but muscular legs (like the pheasant). Prairies are large grasslands that have few numbers of trees. What do you think the legs of a pheasant are adapted for? I can list 3 types of adaptations.

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