Biology: What Is the Study of Life?

Biology: What Is the Study of Life?

Biology: What Is the Study of Life? Why Study Biology? Two important reasons for studying Biology: Biology is relevant to our everyday experience Medical advances Addressing needs of growing human population Challenges of decreasing rate of biodiversity Biotechnology advances

Why Study Biology? Biology can be controversial Examples: Dealing with endangered species? Use of human fetal

tissue in biomedical research? Safety of irradiated foods? Figure 1-1c What is Biology? It is the study of life.

Branch of science A way of understanding nature. A human endeavor An attempt to understand, explain, integrate and describe the world of living things. What is Life? Living organisms:

Highly organized and complex. Are composed of one or more cells. Contain a blueprint of their characteristics. Acquire and use energy. Carry out and control

numerous reactions. What is Life? Living organisms: Grow. Maintain constant internal environment. Produce offspring. Respond to

environmental changes. May evolve. Insert F01_03b Biology is a Branch of Science Both an activity and body of knowledge. A way of understanding the natural world.

Scientists make predictions and test those predictions. Major Themes in Biology Evolution by Natural Selection Inheritance Cells Biological

Classification Bioenergetics Homeostasis Ecosystems How is Biology studied? Insert F01-06 Scientific Method

Begins with observations about our surroundings. Next, ask questions about the phenomena we are observing. Scientific Method Followed by

generating a hypothesis. Tentative explanation to the question. Scientific Method Testing Scientists perform tests to determine the

accuracy of their hypothesis. Scientific Method Explanation It is a hypothesis that has passed the widest and most comprehensive series of tests.

Still subject to review and consideration. May be elevated to a theory = well demonstrated principle.

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