Best Practices and Adult Learning OSH Act

Best Practices and Adult Learning OSH Act

Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Rigging Equipment OSHA 1910.184 Slings: governs slings made from alloy steel chain, wire rope, metal mesh, natural or synthetic fiber rope, and synthetic web. http://www.thefabricator.com/article/materialshandling/understanding-lift-magnet-compliance 0 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 To safely use slings take the following precautions: A competent person should conduct inspections of slings before and during use

Remove damaged or defective slings from service Source 1910.84(d) 1 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 To safely use slings take the following precautions: Do not kink sling legs Do not load slings beyond their rated capacity

Keep suspended loads clear of all obstructions Remain clear of loads about to be lifted and suspended Do not engage in shock loading Avoid sudden crane acceleration and deceleration when moving suspended loads Do not use knots or bolts or other makeshift devices to shorten slings https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA2236/osha2236.htm l 2 Material Handling Equipment Module 3

Chains Overhead crane, chain, hook and hardware to move beams during used fabrication 3 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Chains Inspect prior to use each shift and during use Discard defective equipment Do not over load rigging

Specialized Hooks clamps should be proof tested Do not use because of different Grade of material Chain marking https://www.osha.gov/dsg/guidance/slings/alloy.htm l 4 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 ID tag attached

Listing -- size, grade, rated capacity & Mfg Hook ring load rating not less than chains rating No make shift equipment hook, rods, bolts When to discard chain? Wear exceeds limits of 1910 Table N-184-1 Inspections based on: Frequency of use At least yearly Severity of Nature service of lift ID Attached to hook Use common sense Document dates of inspection

5 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Chains Job or shop hooks and links or makeshift fasteners are not allowed Use the correct size pin for the job Right Wrong 6

Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Chains AISC has a daily chain inspection form available at its website http://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=3182 8 7 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Wire rope

Cover/ protect protrudi ng ends of strands from splices Lubrica te protect wire Wire rope end attachment

8 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Wire rope Do not pull sling from under loads Do not use if: Mo

re tha n 10 Remove from service 9 Wire rope Bird Caging Kinking Crushing

If these happen, remove the wire rope sling from service 10 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Wire Ropes AISC has a wire rope inspection form posted at its website

http://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=318 28 11 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Synthetic Web Slings Remove from service if any of these are present: Acid or caustic burns Melting or charring of any part Snags, punctures, tears or cuts

Broken or worn stitches Red core warning thread Red core waning thread visible visible Distortion of fittings https://www.osha.gov/dsg/guidance/slings/synth-web.htm l Heat Damage 12 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Synthetic web

Mfg identification tag attached & legible Tag list rated capacity for type of hitch used Avoid sharp edges and high temperature with sling Pending photo approval Look for sling ID tag 13 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Synthetic Web Slings Fittings must be: At least as strong as that of the sling

Free of sharp edges that could damage the webbing https://www.osha.gov/dsg/guidance/slings/synth-web.html , 1910.184(i) 14 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Synthetic Web Sling Stitching Stitching is the only method allowed to attach end fittings to webbing, or to form eyes

Stitching https://www.osha.gov/dsg/guidance/slings/synth-web.html , 1910.184(i) 15 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Nylon-Slings.com Erie, PA 16 Material Handling and Storage

Module 3 Inspect slings: Each day before use Where service conditions warrant Remove them from service if damaged or defective or the red core warning thread is visible https://www.osha.gov/dsg/guidance/slings/synth-web.html , 1910.184(i) 17 Material Handling and Storage Module 3

AISC has a synthetic sling inspection form on its website http://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=3182 8 18 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Questions on slings and rigging? 19

Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Movement at Ground or Floor Level

20 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Movement at Floor or Ground Level-Key Topics Powered Industrial Trucks-(Forklifts) Drawings from

https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/pit/forklift/types/classes.html#cla ss1 21 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) Hazard: Approximately 100 employees are fatally injured and approximately 95,000 employees are injured every year while operating powered industrial trucks. Forklift turnover accounts for a significant number of these fatalities.

https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.htm l 22 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Potential Hazards: Moving material within the shopPowered Industrial Trucks-(Forklifts) Tipping, struck by caught between, wrong equipment for hazard classification Hazard Avoidance: Select proper equipment for application and hazard Only qualified operators should use equipment Check equipment before use

Do not overload Center loads https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.htm l 23 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Potential Hazards: Moving material within the shopPowered Industrial Trucks-(Forklifts) Tipping, struck by caught between, wrong equipment for hazard classification Hazard Avoidance: Drive safely

No horseplay Watch for obstructions Do not leave unattended vehicles running Proper maintenance https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.htm l 24 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts)-Equipment Powered industrial trucks (forklifts) must meet requirements of American National Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks, Part II ANSI B56.1-1969

Do not modify or make attachments without written approval from the manufacturer Nameplates and markings must be in place and legible Forklifts that are used in hazardous locations are required to be appropriately marked/approved for such use https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA2236/osha2236.htm l https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.html 25 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts)-Operator Qualifications Train and certify all operators to ensure safe

operation Do not operate a forklift if under 18 years old Must be competent Trainees must be supervised by a competent person and not endanger others Refresher training Reevaluation every three years Training requirements defined in 1910.178 https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA2236/osha2236.htm l https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.htm l 26

Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) Operation before you operate: Check that rollover protective structure is in place Check overhead guards are in place to protect from falling objects Reverse signal alarm should be operational Check defects before using Fill fuel tanks only when the engine is off https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.htm l

27 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) OperationLoads Make sure loads are not heavier than the capacity of the industrial truck Loads should be stable and safely arranged and within the rated capacity of the truck Follow safe operating procedures for picking up, moving, putting down and stacking loads Center the load on the forks and as close to the mast as possible to minimize tipping or load falling

Place the load at the lowest position for traveling Dont place extra weight on the rear of a counterbalanced forklift to allow an overload Dock boards (bridge plates) are properly secured when loading or unloading from loading docks 28 https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.html Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) Operation-driving and operating Drive safely-never over 5 mph- slow at congested areas Always wear seat belts

Keep hands, arms legs and feet inside the truck No riders unless there is an approved seat Avoid traveling with elevated loads Observe all traffic regulations and plant speed limits Look in the direction of and keep a clear view of the path of travel Run trucks at a safe speed that permits safe stopping https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.htm l 29 Material Handling Equipment Module 3

Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) OperationContinued Stunt driving and horseplay are prohibited Check for headroom for the fork- lift under overhead installations, lights, pipes, etc Operators maintain a safe distance from the edge of ramps or platforms while using forklifts on any elevated dock, platform or freight car https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA2236/osha2236.html https://www.osha.gov/Publications/warehousing.html https:// www.osha.gov/SLTC/poweredindustrialtrucks/index.html https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.htm l 30

Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) Source OSHA Operation-Unattended vehicles Load engaging means should be fully lowered, with controls neutralized, power shut off and brakes set when a forklift is left unattended 3220-10N 2004 31 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts)-Maintenance

Properly maintain equipment, including tires and batteries Remove defective forklifts from service Handling batteries can be dangerous and requires special care and qualified personnel Charge batteries in designated areas . 3220-10N 2004 https://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3252/3252.htm l 32 Material Handling Equipment

Module 3 Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) OSHA has a number of helpful materials available https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/pit/forklift/types/classes.html#cla ss1 33 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Powered Industrial trucks (Forklifts) Forklift Safety

Safety and Health Topics: Powered Industrial Trucks OSHA website index links to specific requirements and other Federal agency requirements. https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/pow eredindustrialtrucks/index.html Sample Daily Checklists for Powered Industrial Trucks https://www.osha.gov/dte/library/pit/daily_pit_checklist.html 3220-10N 2004 34 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Movement at the Workstation-Key

Topics 35 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Movement at the Workstation-Key Topics

Jib Cranes Carts Hoist Balancers Tool balancers 36 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Moving material at the work station Steel may be moved at the work station or between work stations by: Overhead cranes

Jib cranes Rollers Carts and dollies Hoist balancers Tool suspension devices Workers or pairs of workers Others in your shop? Jib Crane Roller system used to move material for fabrication

37 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Lighten the Load- Use Material Handling Equipment Pallet Jack Hand carts for moving small materials in the shop Photos from OSHA 3341-03N 2008 38

Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Potential Hazards: Moving material at the work station Injuries from dropped work, pinches, cuts, scrapes, burns from hot work, musculoskeletal injuries Hazard Avoidance: Use proper PPE for the task Proper equipment use Being aware Being attentive of where your hands and feet are Dont work fatigued Use proper lighting Properly maintained equipment 39

Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Lighten the Load- Use Material Handling Equipment Carts designed to transport and carry materials can reduce lifting, pushing, and pulling forces Allow for heavy materials, tools, or equipment to be moved without carrying Save time Available in many shapes and sizes Adapted from OSHA 3341-03N 2008 40

Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Carts Hand cart for small loads Photo from CIANBRO 41 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Lighten the Load- Use Material Handling Equipment Points to Remember: Motorized pallet jacks, if available, can be used for

frequent or distant movement of materials. Handles should be located at the rear of the cart and positioned at waist level Dont obstruct view with the load Balance loads and keep load within manufacturers recommended weight limits Pushing is easier than pulling Use proper wheels Adapted from OSHA 3341-03N 2008 42 Material Handling Equipment Module 3

Jib Cranes Wall, floor, or pillar mounted I-beam with a rolling trolley/hoist used to lift and position equipment and material Jib cranes can be used near a work stations to help with tasks Photo from OSHA 3341-03N 2008 43 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Jib Cranes

AISC provides a useful pre-lift checklist. It is Included in the training packet. http://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=3182 8 44 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Jib Cranes AISC pre-lift checklist continued

http://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=3182 8 45 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Tool Balancers Tool balancers help support tools comfortably for operators Tools can be positioned over the work station Can be used with a variety of

tools Source CIANBRO 46 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Storage and stacking of material

47 Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Storing Materials-Key Topics Storing Stacking Housekeeping Steel from the mill stored In the yard 48 Fabricated beams and spandrel frames ready to be shipped to a construction site

Material Handling and Storage Module 3 Storing and stacking Steel from the mill stored Inside shop Fabricated beams ready to be shipped to construction site 49 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Storage and stacking

Heavy steel shapes from the mill Heavy plate from the mill 50 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Hazard Potential: Stored materials Improperly stored materials may fall, and injure workers Improper manual lifting or carrying loads that are too large or heavy Being struck by materials or being caught in pinch points Incorrectly cutting ties or securing devices

Hazard Avoidance: Stack loads evenly and straight Place heavier loads on lower or middle shelves and racks Remove one object at a time from shelves and racks Adapted from Source OSHA 3220-10N 51 Keep aisles 2004and passageways clear and in good Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Materials Storage-Steel American National

Standard Z229.1-1982 lays out practices for steel fabrication and shops fabricating structural steel Included in ANSI Z229.11982 are practices for handling and storing steel material Adapted from source: ANSI Z229.11982 Steel shapes stacked and nested 52 Material Handling Equipment Module 3

Store material in arrangements that allow for: Easy movement Easy access and movement Materials and stacks to be stable Racks used for storing plate and bar stock Adapted from source: ANSI Z229.11982 53 Material Handling Equipment

Module 3 Structural shapes received from the mill Can be nested or blocked Optimize pile height for space and stability ANSI Z229.1-1982 suggested maximum pile heights for wide flange shapes 6-8 deep should be limited to 6-0 in height for shapes 10-16, 11-0 in height and for 1836, is 14 -0 feet in height. Under general industry standards If workers must work on loads higher than 4 feet, fall protection is

Adapted from source: ANSI Z229.1required 1982 Nested wide flange shapes 54 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Materials Storage - storage yards and storage areas Store material on level surfaces free of trip hazards Maintain walkways Store on firm ground In periods of freezing and thaws inspect areas for stability

Maintain approach aisles to piles Use sound timber blocking for storing steel shapes to maintain pile stability Do not extend blocking beyond piles interfering with walkways and adjacent lifts Adapted from source: ANSI Z229.11982 55 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Stacking The variety of raw and fabricated steel shapes at the shop require planning and care when

stacking 56 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Use of wood blocking between beam material Wood Blocking Wood blocking used between shapes 57

Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Stacking Small steel items angles 58 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Stacking Steel Pipe Round HSS steel shapes should be blocked, placed in racks or cribbing or bundled

and tied together Blocking Round HSS shapes stored for fabrication blocking is used to prevent shapes from rolling 59 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 String coils Steel coils should be blocked to prevent movement Tapered Blocking Steel coils weighing 10 tons are blocked to prevent

60 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Materials Storage Secure materials stored in tiers by stacking, racking, blocking, or interlocking to prevent them from falling Post safe load limits of floors and shelves. Source OSHA 3220-10N 2004 61

Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Materials Storage-Fuels Store fuel in portable containers Transportation of gasoline requires USDOT container Tank size 8 gallon or less Approved OSHA can Approved USDOT (stamp-imprint) Diesel fuel containers Tank size 119 gallons or less Except from using specified container 62

Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Q and A Storing Materials 63 Material Handling Equipment Module 3 Take a Stretch!

64

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