Ancient Greek Theatre - PBworks

Ancient Greek Theatre - PBworks

Ancient Greek Theatre Greek tragedies and comedies were always performed in outdoor theaters. Early Greek theaters were probably little more than open areas in city centers or next to hillsides where the audience, standing or sitting, could watch and listen to the chorus singing about the exploits of a god or hero. From the late 6th century BC to the 4th and 3rd centuries BC there was a gradual evolution towards more elaborate theater structures, but the basic layout of the Greek theater remained

the same. The major components of Greek theater are labeled on the diagram above. Orchestra: The orchestra (literally, "dancing space") was normally circular. It was a level space where the chorus would dance, sing, and interact with the actors who were on the stage near the skene. The earliest orchestras were simply made of hard earth, but in the Classical period some orchestras began to be paved with marble and other materials. In the center of the orchestra there was often a thymele, or altar. The orchestra of the theater of Dionysus in Athens was about 60 feet in diameter.

Theatron: The theatron (literally, "viewing-place") is where the spectators sat. The theatron was usually part of hillside overlooking the orchestra, and often wrapped around a large portion of the orchestra (see the diagram above). Spectators in the fifth century BC probably sat on cushions or boards, but by the fourth century the theatron of many Greek theaters had marble seats. Skene: The skene (literally, "tent") was the building directly behind the stage. During the 5th century, the stage of the theater of Dionysus in Athens was probably raised only two or three steps above the level

of the orchestra, and was perhaps 25 feet wide and 10 feet deep. The skene was directly in back of the stage, and was usually decorated as a palace, temple, or other building, depending on the needs of the play. It had at least one set of doors, and actors could make entrances and exits through them. There was also access to the roof of the skene from behind, so that actors playing gods and other characters (such as the Watchman at the beginning of Aeschylus' Agamemnon) could appear on the roof, if needed. Parodos: The parodoi (literally, "passageways") are the paths by

which the chorus and some actors (such as those representing messengers or people returning from abroad) made their entrances and exits. The audience also used them to enter and exit the theater before and after the performance. The basic structure of a Greek tragedy is fairly simple. After a prologue spoken by one or more characters, the chorus enters, singing and dancing. Scenes then alternate between spoken sections (dialogue between characters, and between characters and chorus) and sung sections (during which the chorus danced). Here are the

basic parts of a Greek Tragedy: a. Prologue: Spoken by one or two characters before the chorus appears. The prologue usually gives the mythological background necessary for understanding the events of the play. b. Parodos: This is the song sung by the chorus as it first enters the orchestra and dances. c. First Episode: This is the first of many "episodes", when the characters and chorus talk. d. First Stasimon: At the end of each episode, the other characters usually leave the

stage and the chorus dances and sings a stasimon, or choral ode. The ode usually reflects on the things said and done in the episodes, and puts it into some kind of larger mythological framework. For the rest of the play, there is alternation between episodes and stasima, until the final scene, called the... e. Exodos: At the end of play, the chorus exits singing a processional song which usually offers words of wisdom related to the actions and outcome of the play. List of Characters

Oedipus King of Thebes. As a young man, he saved the city of Thebes by solving the riddle of the Sphinx and destroying the monster. He now sets about finding the murderer of the former king Laius to save Thebes from plague. Creon The second-in-command in Thebes, brother-in-law of Oedipus. He is Oedipus trusted advisor, selected to go to the oracle at Delphi to seek the Apollos advice in saving the city from plague. Tiresias A blind prophet who has guided the kings of Thebes with his advice and counsel. Jocasta Queen of Thebes, wife of Oedipus. She was the widow of Thebes former king, Laius, and married Oedipus when he saved the city from the Sphinx.

A Messenger from Corinth A man bringing news of the royal family to Oedipus. A Shepherd A herder from the nearby mountains, who once served in the house of Laius. A Messenger A man who comes from the palace to announce the death of the queen and the blinding of Oedipus. Antigone and Ismene Oedipus young daughters. Chorus A group of Theban elders, and their Leader (Choragus) , who comment on the events of the drama and react to its tragic progression.

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Review for Quiz-1 - Georgia Institute of Technology

    Review for Quiz-1 - Georgia Institute of Technology

    Review for Quiz-1 ECE3600 - Fall 2015 Prof. John Copeland These slides include material from Computer Networking: A Top Down Approach Featuring the Internet, 5th edition. ... Contrast with TDM each host gets same slot in a repeating TDM frame....


    STEM acronym was coined in the early 1990s by the US National Science Foundation . Science (Old French science, corpus (body of writing) of human knowledge) is a systematic study of the physical and natural world through systematic observation and...
  • Digging Deeper with Steps 1 and 2 -

    Digging Deeper with Steps 1 and 2 -

    Objectives for the Day. Dig deeper withStep 1(Plan and Prepare) and Step 2 (Organize and Chart) of the data team process. Reflect on current practices and next steps in your building/s
  • ZOO 115 Invertebrate Zoology

    ZOO 115 Invertebrate Zoology

    ZOO 115 Invertebrate Zoology Phylum Annelida Class Clitellata Subclass Hiruninoidea Subclass Hiruninoidea- General Characteristics ~ 350 species Terrestrial, freshwater and Marine Ectoparasites or predators Leeches Range from 1 cm to 30 cm in size Subclass Hiruninoidea- General Characteristics All have...
  • A comprehensive analysis of protein-protein interactions in ...

    A comprehensive analysis of protein-protein interactions in ...

    A comprehensive analysis of protein-protein interactions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Article by Peter Uetz, Presented by Kerstin Obando Background Information In April 1996 the genome sequence of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a budding yeast was completed.
  • Activity Ball Toss 3-2 DVD Lets watch a

    Activity Ball Toss 3-2 DVD Lets watch a

    Touch anything that may contaminate their hands and don't wash them. Have symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, or jaundice—a yellowing of the eyes or skin. 3-5. Instructor Notes . With some illnesses, a person may infect others before showing any...
  • Presentation Title Will Appear Here

    Presentation Title Will Appear Here

    Ensure the auditors understand where the full auditing requirements are for surv audits if not clearly ID in the audit plan. Pre-Audit . Planning. 11 NCR's. DETAIL: MD 5 and AS9104 ... Pre-Audit . Preparation. Total of 24 NCR's. DETAIL:...
  • Share The Love with your employees on February

    Share The Love with your employees on February

    Love Your Heart is a one-day event when the County of San Diego and community partners join together to provide free blood pressure screenings to their staff and the public at select sites throughout the San Diego region.The goal of...