Ancient Egypt - Octorara Area School District

Ancient Egypt - Octorara Area School District

Ancient Egypt Time Periods Old Kingdom 2700-2000 BC Pyramid Age Middle Kingdom 2000-1500 BC Trade Age New Kingdom 1500-700 BC Empire Age The Nile

Gift of the Nile Cataract-boulders make river rapid, cant travel past Delta-marshy, triangular area of land created by silt deposits at river mouth Predictable-occurred every July Annual Harvest-once a year

Upper and Lower Egypt Upper Egypt-located in the southern region Skinny strip of land from First Cataract to the point where Nile branches out Lower Egypt-Nile delta region in the north Nile = transportation Flows north

Egypt Unites into Kingdom Narmer unites Lower and Upper regions Evidence of crown, dates to 3000 B.C Egypts first dynasty Pharaohs Ruled as Gods Theocracy, ruled Egypt as god-king and leader of army Full responsibility for Egypts wellbeing Caused sun to rise, Nile to flood, crops to grow, as well as promote

truth and justice Pyramids Ka-pharaohs eternal life force that would rule kingdom after his death Tomb was more important than palace Built during the Old Kingdom Reflects civilizations strength and technological advancement Economic strength, leadership and government organization to carry

construction out 2.5-15 tons, 2 million blocks, 481 feet, 13 acres Religious Beliefs Polytheistic-more than one god, Re, Osisris, Isis were most important Over 2000 gods Believed in a great afterlife that all planned for, Anubis Mummification-embalming and drying the corpse to prevent decay Done by royal and elite class Kings and queens built and put to rest in pyramids

Placed items the dead would need in the afterlife in their tomb Book of the Dead-scrolls containing hymns, prayers and magic spells intended to guide soul in the afterlife Egyptian Society Classes formed pyramid Could move up the pyramid through marriage or skill (read/write) Women held many of the same rights as men

Own and trade property, propose marriage or seek divorce Written Records Hieroglyphics- sacred carving First, picture stood for ideas, ten evolved into pictures standing for sounds (almost like letters in our alphabet) Papyrus-reeds used for writing Split the reeds, placed into layers, damped and

then pressed together Formed paper-like sheets Rosetta Stone-used to translate Egyptian hieroglyphics to Greek Achievements

Sun Screen/Eye Liner - Fashion Ship building Sail and Rudder Pyramids - Architecture Sculptures Calendar-plan between floods and planting season

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