Ancient Egypt - Kyrene School District

Ancient Egypt - Kyrene School District

River Valley Civilizat 2nd Quarter Civilizations Mesopotamia (The Tigris & Euphrates) Egypt (The Nile River Valley) India (The Indus River) China (The Yellow River) 1 2nd Quarter 2016 ISN Table of Contents Left Side Items Even Page # Odd Page # Blank Mesopotamia Map 0 Right Side Items

Mesopotamia L. Goal 2 Geography & HEI 3 5Ws of Religion 4 Labor/Social Class 5 Code of Hammurabi 6 Govt Code of Law 7

Cuneiform Summary 8 Cultural & Scientific 9 Civilization Compare 10 Traits of Civilization 11 Geo & Religion CFA 12 Mesopotamia CSA 13

Mesopotamia St. Guide 14 Egypt L. Goal 15 Map of Egypt 16 Geography & HEI 17 Social Class Pyramid 18 Division of Labor 19

Geo & Religion CFA/Quiz 20 Religion in Culture & Govt 21 Mummification Process 22 Cultural & Scientific 23 Khufus Pyramid 24 Pharaoh Contributions 25

Egypt Study Guide 26 Egypt CSA/Test 27 Blank Maps of India Mahatma Gandhi BP Key Vocab Caste (Social Class) System Buddhas Teaching PS Legacy of India Chart Ancient India Study Guide 28 30 32 34 36 38 40

India L. Goal 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 Geography & HEI Hinduism Govt & City Blueprint Buddhism Legacy of India Reading Ancient India CSA/TEST 1 2 Learning Goal Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of Ancient Indias

geography, Caste system, government, religions, its influence on later civilizations. Strand 2: Concept 2: PO 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 9 3 Learning Goal Scale for CSA/TEST Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of Ancient Indias geography, Caste system, government, religions, its influence on later civilizations. 4: Exceeds Proficiency Con Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of Ancient Indias geography, Caste system, government,

religions, its influence on later civilizations by scoring 6/7 for proficiency. 2: Approaching Proficiency 1: Not Yet Students will be Students will be able to able to describe describe TWO of the FOUR of the following: Ancient following: Ancient

Indias geography, Indias geography, Caste system, Caste system, government, government, religions, its religions, its influence on later influence on later civilizations. civilizations.

0 No Evidence Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of Ancient Indias geography, Caste system, government, religions, its influence on later civilizations as well as describe the influence of important historical or religious figures by scoring 7/7. 3: Proficient 5

Ancient Egypt Ancient India HEY! Wheres the RIVER? 6 Reading Physical vs. Political Maps of India (ISN p.30) nswer the questions on the worksheet based on the Physical and Political Maps. 7 Geography & HEI of India ISN p.31 Sort the information into the correct column:

Geography Human Environment Interaction (HEI) The Indus and the Ganges rivers flow through India. Farmers raised wheat, barley and cotton. They made cotton fabric, copper and bronze tools. Indias tall mountains, Himalayas and the Hindu Kush, block cold northern winds, so temperatures are generally warm.

Seasonal winds called monsoons give India a dry winter and a rainy summer. The first Indian civilization started in the Indus River valley. The rivers carry water for irrigation and leave behind silt that makes the soil fertile for crops. The rains sometimes cause flooding. Indians traveled and traded on the water with other lands. 8 Geography & HEI of India Answer KEY Geography

Human Environment Interaction (HEI) The Indus and the Ganges rivers flow through India. They made cotton fabric, copper and bronze tools. Indias tall mountains, Himalayas and the Hindu Kush, block cold northern winds, so temperatures are generally warm. Farmers raised wheat, barley and cotton. Seasonal winds called monsoons give India a dry winter and a rainy summer. Indians traveled and traded on

the water with other lands. The first Indian civilization started in the Indus River valley. The rivers carry water for irrigation and leave behind silt that makes the soil fertile for crops. The rains sometimes cause flooding. 9 Hinduis m THE SOUL IS REBORN UNTIL IT BECOMES ONE WITH GODS SOUL Hindu Creation Story (3 mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y9yWwFWpbRo

Key Vocabulary & Connections for Hinduism Reincarnation Karma Caste System Once you understand their religions, you will better understand their civilization and culture. Characteristics Geographic Origins Founders HINDUISM- OVERVIEW Of CHART India The Indian people began to question how the world came into being. This led to a belief that one spirit or supreme being, known as Brahman, governed (was in charge of) the universe. No founder DO NOT COPY THIS SLIDE!

JUST AN OVERVIEW OF THE CHART! Teachings Traditions & Customs Beliefs Name of god: Braham taking the form of THREE deities: Brahma, the creator of the universe; Vishnu, the universes protector; and Shiva, the universes destroyer Holy book: many sacred texts, The Vedas are the oldest scriptures Traditions: Diwali, the Festival of Lights, marks the beginning of the year Customs: Belief in the existence of many paths to God through faithfully carrying out their assigned jobs in the Caste system, meditation (calming the mind) and yoga (exercise, breathing techniques, and diet) Place of Worship: temples and individual homes Symbol of Hinduism: The OM believed to be the sound of the universe Reincarnation: the soul never dies but is continually reborn until it becomes divinely enlightened. Freedom from earthly desires comes from

many lifetimes of worship, knowledge, and virtuous arts. Karma: the cycle of a persons deeds (good or bad) in one life determining the rebirth in a higher or lesser life form in the next life/cycle. The cycle ends when a person realizes that their soul and Gods soul are one. Characteristics HINDUISM (ISN p. 33) Geographic Origins India The Indian people began to question how the world came into being. This led to a belief that one spirit or supreme being, known as Brahman, governed (was in charge of) the universe. Top of the Chart/Page Copy ONLY the UNDERLINED info! Founders No founder Teachings Name of god: Braham taking the form of THREE deities:

Brahma, the creator of the universe; Vishnu, the universes protector; and Shiva, the universes destroyer Holy book: many sacred texts, The Vedas are the oldest scriptures HINDUISM (ISN p. 33) Traditions & Customs Traditions: Diwali, the Festival of Lights, marks the beginning of the year Customs: Belief in the existence of many paths to God through faithfully carrying out their assigned jobs in the Caste system, meditation (calming the mind) and yoga (exercise, breathing techniques, and diet) Place of Worship: temples and individual homes Symbol of Hinduism: The OM believed to be the sound of the universe Bottom of the Chart/Page Copy ONLY the UNDERLINED info! Beliefs Reincarnation: the soul never dies but is continually reborn until it becomes divinely enlightened. Freedom from earthly desires comes from many lifetimes of worship, knowledge, and virtuous arts. Karma: the cycle of a persons deeds (good or bad) in one life

determining the rebirth in a higher or lesser life form in the next life/cycle. The cycle ends when a person realizes that their soul and Gods soul are one. Who was Mahatma Gandhi? Before you watch the BrainPOP video about Mahatma Gandhi, copy the list of terms below, then listen for their definitions or context clues: https://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/fa moushistoricalfigures/mahatmagandhi 1. Nonviolence / 2. Oppression 3. Civil Rights 4. Poverty

5. Strike 6. Boycott 7. Assassination After you watch the video, define these terms in your own words in your ISN p. 32 17 Caste (Social Class) System Hindus must faithfully carry out their assigned and hereditary

duties in life according to their caste system. Caste members lived, ate, married, and worked with their own group. A person born into one caste rarely changed castes or mixed with members of other castes. Social rules defined how to behave within a caste and when in the presence people from other castes. Each caste had a clearly defined role. Members of each caste were obligated to look after one another, so each caste had its own support system. These traditions were later incorporated into the Hindu religion. ISN p. 34 https://www.youtu

be.com/watch?v= ERxLSURibeQ 19 Pay attention to the following images. What are these images called? What are they used for? If you said, What do BLUEPRINTS have to do with Ancient India? Think about the connection between the religion of Ancient India, Hinduism, and their division of labor in the Caste System. How do they connect/relate?

The Caste System is a non-fluid system designed to meet the needs of the civilization with specialized and hereditary jobs. With such a complex social structure or division of labor How would the Caste System impact the blueprint or design of the cities in Ancient India? The purpose of todays activity is to design a blueprint for a well-planned city in India based on your understanding of the Caste System. Follow along with your handout, Blueprint for Harappa to be a Well-Planned Indian City in the Indus Valley

Background Information: You know the earliest civilizations were located near rivers; Indian civilizations in the Indus Valley were no different. The cities in the Indus Valley settled along the Indus River for agricultural purposes but are known for being well-planned. Much of what we know about the cities of the Indus Valley comes from excavations at Mohenjo-Daro. Mohenjo-Daro was one of the largest and best-known cities as well as Harappa (huh-RAP-uh). Harappa gave its name to the entire Indus River culture which was prosperous for about 800 years. Directions: You and your partner are going to create a poster showing the blueprint for a well-planned city called Harappa located in the Indus Valley. Your blueprint for the layout of Harappa should include the features list below. _____________________________________________________ READ through ALL of the features needed in your blueprint for Harappa BEFORE you start drawing your poster! Well-Planned Then assign who is responsible forCity

the completion of each Blueprint is DUE feature. ??? Glue COMPLETED Blueprint Checklist in your ISN p. 35 Features of a Well-Planned City, Harappa 1. Placement along the Indus River EITHER near the Arabian Sea OR south of the Hindu Kush mountain range (with labels or key) 2. City streets crossing each other in a neat grid with square corners (with labels or key) 3. Along the streets place homes, shops, and factories (with labels or key) 4. Streets were built to ensure drainage of human waste to provide a more sanitary environment (with labels or key) 5. Large public building for government functions (with labels or key) 6. Include a huge public bath for religious rituals (with labels or key) 7. Protect the city with heavy brick walls with gates and roads leading into the city (with labels or key) 8. Show trade along the Indus River supporting their economy, refer to the resources on p.215 (with labels or key) 9. Outside of the city walls, designate an area for farmland and homes for farmers and irrigation canals (with labels or key) 10. According to the Caste System determine the appropriate placement of homes for the classes: upper, middle,

lower, and the Untouchables (with labels or key) Mid-Unit Exit Ticket On a sheet of paper, use the words below to choose the word that completes the sentence. Not all words will be used. 1. Hindus must faithfully carry out their assigned and hereditary duties in life according to their _______ system. 2. The Indian leader ___________ used ahimsa in his fight against British rule. 3. The ancient practice of ___________ involves exercise, deep breathing, mediation (quiet thought), and helping others. 4. ____________ is a term applied to large towns that were built according to a design. 5.

Hindus believe that people have many lives in a process called ______________. 6. According to _______________, the deeds that a person does in one life decide whether that person will be ____________________ as a higher or lower being in the next life. REBORN CASTE CIVILIZATION KARMA RELIGION HINDUISM REINCARNATION YOGA SPIRIT

PLANNED CITIES GANDHI BUDDHISM 29 Trade & Grade- Exit Ticket ANSWER KEY 1. Hindus must faithfully carry out their assigned and hereditary duties in life according to their _CASTE_ system. 2. The Indian leader __GANDHI__ used ahimsa in his fight against British rule. 3. The ancient practice of __YOGA____ involves exercise, deep

breathing, mediation (quiet thought), and helping others. 4. _PLANNED CITIES_ is a term applied to large towns that were built according to a design. 5. Hindus believe that people have many lives in a process called _REINCARNATION_____. 6. According to ___KARMA__, the deeds that a person does in one life decide whether that person will be ___REBORN_____ as a higher or lower being in the next life. Whats my score? 6/6= 5/6=

3.5 4/6= 3/6= 2/6= 1/6= 0.5 0/6= Score of 4 Score of Score Score Score of 3 2 of 1 of Score of 0 30 Buddhis m

THROUGH REINCARNATION UNDERSTANDING THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS AND FOLLOWING THE NOBLE EIGHTFOLD PATH TO REACH NIRVANA. The Story of Buddha (6 mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_3gK4VO9roE Key Vocabulary & Connections for Buddhism Ahimsa Nirvana Dharma Buddhism is connected to Hinduism through a royal prince named Siddhartha Gautama who became the Buddha (the founder of Buddhism) after reaching nirvana. Religious Characteristics Geographic Origins

Buddhism-OVERVIEW Of CHART India Buddhism is connected to Hinduism through a royal prince named Siddhartha Gautama who gave up his wealth and position to try to understand the meaning of life. DO NOT COPY THIS SLIDE! JUST AN OVERVIEW OF THE CHART! Founders The Buddha, or enlightened one Teachings Name of god: NO GOD instead they dedicate their lives to the teachings of the Buddha, which means enlightened one Holy book: Dharma, a collection of Buddhas teaching and many other sacred books Traditions/Customs: Traditions & Customs

Meditation - Mental concentration and mindfulness Mantras - Sacred sounds Prayer Wheels - Reciting mantras with the turn of a wheel Pilgrimage - Visiting sacred sites Place of Worship: temples and individual homes Symbol of Hinduism: The Dharma Wheel, it represents the teachings of the Buddha Beliefs Followers can achieve enlightenment by understanding the Four Noble Truths which teaching people to stop suffering by not wanting and by following the Noble Eightfold Path to reach nirvana. Nirvana was the end of suffering and reaching nirvana broke the cycle of reincarnation. The Buddha believed in the practice of ahimsa, meaning nonviolence. Religious Characteristics Geographic Origins

Buddhism (ISN p.37) India Buddhism is connected to Hinduism through a royal prince named Siddhartha Gautama who gave up his wealth and position to try to understand the meaning of life. Top of the Chart/Page Copy ONLY the UNDERLINED info! Founders The Buddha, or enlightened one Teachings Name of god: NO GOD instead they dedicate their lives to the teachings of the Buddha, which means enlightened one Holy book: Dharma, a collection of Buddhas teaching and many other sacred books Religious Characteristics Buddhism (ISN p.37)

Traditions/Customs: Meditation - Mental concentration and mindfulness Mantras - Sacred sounds Traditions & Prayer Wheels - Reciting mantras with the turn of a wheel Customs Pilgrimage - Visiting sacred sites Place of Worship: temples and individual homes Symbol of Hinduism: The Dharma Wheel, it represents the teachings of the Buddha Bottom of the Chart/Page Copy ONLY the UNDERLINED info! Beliefs Followers can achieve enlightenment by understanding the Four Noble Truths which teaching people to stop suffering by not wanting and by following the Noble Eightfold Path to reach nirvana. Nirvana was the end of suffering/wanting and reaching nirvana broke the cycle of reincarnation. The Buddha believed in the practice of ahimsa, meaning nonviolence. The Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path

(7 mins) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bgcbQnL6-BQ Primary Source Worksheet (ISN p. 36) Teachings by Buddha Buddhism is the fourth largest religion in the world. It was founded in Northern India by the Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama. He was born around 563 B.C. in Lumbini (modernday Nepal). At the age of 29, he left his home in order to seek truth. In 535 B.C. he attained insights into life and assumed the title Lord Buddha (one who has awakened). He had many disciples and a large public following by the time of his death in 483 B.C. The following are some teachings of the Buddha. The Teachings of Buddha Primary Source Worksheet is DUE ????? 39 The Legacy

of India WHAT IS A LEGACY? HOW DID INDIAN CULTURE INFLUENCE THE MODERN WORLD TODAY? 40 today Use the reading passage to answer the question in each category. (ISN p.38) Indias Religious Legacy What are two ways in which Hindu and Buddhist influences can be seen today? Indias Artistic Legacy How has Indian architecture influenced other cultures? Indias Mathematic Legacy What number system was developed in India that is used today? The Legacy of India

Reading Passage (ISN p.39) 1. Use the reading study guide to answer the question in each category regarding Indias influence on the world today on ISN p. 38 2. Complete the reading study guide and attach on ISN p. 39 3. Complete your Ancient India Study Guide to prepare for your CSA/Test! Learning Goal Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of Ancient Indias geography, Caste system, government, religions, its influence on later civilizations. Strand 2: Concept 2: PO 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 9 43 Learning Goal Scale for CSA/TEST

Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of Ancient Indias geography, Caste system, government, religions, its influence on later civilizations. 4: Exceeds Proficiency Con Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of Ancient Indias geography, Caste system, government, religions, its influence on later civilizations by scoring 6/7 for proficiency. 2: Approaching Proficiency

1: Not Yet Students will be Students will be able to able to describe describe TWO of the FOUR of the following: Ancient following: Ancient Indias geography, Indias geography, Caste system, Caste system,

government, government, religions, its religions, its influence on later influence on later civilizations. civilizations. 0 No Evidence Students will be able to demonstrate understanding of Ancient Indias

geography, Caste system, government, religions, its influence on later civilizations as well as describe the influence of important historical or religious figures by scoring 7/7. 3: Proficient

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