Albany plan of union - Mater Academy Lakes High School
ALBANY PLAN OF UNION By: Luis Tenorio, Sean Merkel, Peter Workman, and Julian Menendez 09/18/18 BACKGROUND INFORMATION At the heat of the French and Indian War the colonies were looking to assemble a form of colonial government and a form of defense for protective measures.
Seven colonial delegates met in Albany, NY in 1754 to discuss guidelines for a form a government which led to Benjamin Franklins proposal of the Plan of Union. Franklins guidelines set the framework for a colonial government, and a way of collecting taxes from the colonies as well as a form of troop recruitment. The Plan of Union was approved by all delegates, but come time for ratification it was rejected by the colonies. This is because of the jealousy concerning each colonys taxation power. LEAD UP TO THE PLAN
Once the battles of the Seven Years War started to shift to North America, The British and French started to send troops of their own to fight in the colonies. This is because they did not want to rely on amateur colonial forces. The Ohio Valley is gained by George Washington until it is surrendered because of French superior forces on July 3rd, 1754. (Sent by Governor of Virginia)
(1755) General Braddock attempts an expedition which is repressed by French and American Indian forces near Ft. Duquesne. THE POINTS OF THE ALBANY PLAN (1) That the said general government be administered by a President-General, to be appointed and supported by the crown; and a Grand Council, to be chosen by the representatives of the people of the several Colonies met in their respective assemblies.
(2) That after the passing such act, the House of Representatives that happen to be sitting within that time, or that shall be especially for that purpose convened, may and shall choose members for the Grand Council, in the following proportion, that is say, (3) -who shall meet for the first time at the city of Philadelphia, being called by the President-General as soon as conveniently may be after his appointment. (4) That there shall be a new election of the members of the Grand
Council every three years. . . . (10) That the President-General, with the advice of the Grand Council, hold or direct all Indian treaties, in which the general interest of the Colonies may be concerned; and make peace or declare war with Indian nations. . . . (14) That they make laws for regulating and governing such new settlements, till the crown shall think fit to form them into particular governments. . . . (15) That they raise and pay soldiers and build forts for the defence of any of the
Colonies, and equip vessels of force to guard the coasts and protect the trade on the ocean, lakes, or great rivers; but they shall not impress men in any Colony, without the consent of the Legislature. (16) That for these purposes they have power to make laws, and lay and levy such general duties, imposts, or taxes, as to them shall appear most equal and just (considering the ability and other circumstances of the inhabitants in the several Colonies), and such as may be collected with the least inconvenience to the people. . . . (21) That the laws made by them for the purposes aforesaid shall not be repugnant, but, as near as may be, agreeable to the laws of England, and shall be transmitted to the King in Council for approbation, as soon as may be after their passing; and if not disapproved within three years after presentation, to remain in force.
QUESTIONS 1.Why did the colonists not ratify with the Albany Plan of Union? A- it took away their slaves B- it took away their power of taxation C- it took away their right to trade D- it gave Indians more rights than colonists 2. Why would Virginia have more Representatives than North Carolina at the time? A- Virginia was more populated at the time B- Virginia sold more tobacco than North Carolina C- Virginia was more close to Philadelphia than North Carolina
D- Virginia had a West Virginia while North Carolina had a South Carolina 3. The Albany Congress was initially converted to deal with what occuring event? A- The Boston Massacre B- The American Revolution C- The War of 1812 D- The French and Indian War
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