A Professional Army - Schoolwires

A Professional Army - Schoolwires

Unit 4: Manifest Destiny and MexicanAmerican War Manifest Destiny and the Army Bellwork How might the War of 1812 have convinced

Congress to create a standing army? A Professional Army The greatest lesson from War of 1812Need for trained, organized, professional army

Size and Organization Expansible ArmyThe U.S. army Congress approves efficient structure during the peacetime army 19th century in which

Added general and special staff the percentage of Expansible army developed by Sec. of officers retained is War, John C. Calhoun greater than the Army cut by ; Officers cut by 1/5 enlisted Army

Northern and Southern Divisions of U.S. personnel What is the benefit of the expansible army? John C. Calhoun

Secretary of War, 1817-34 Vice President 1825-32 Creepy Calhoun Size and Organization Increased funding for

military education, fortifications, and curriculum at West Point Limits of Change No attempt to revise

regulations on militia training Most department branches kept (though with more staff) Westward

James Monroe 1817-1825 John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 Andrew Jackson

1829-1837 Changes to the Society and Economy Americans become more religious after 2nd Great Awakening Industrial Revolution hits the

U.S. Massive increase in factories for textiles (in North) Cotton gin solidifies slavery in the South Agriculture (South) + Industry

(North) = American System Further division between two regions 1st American Railroad Foreign Policy European nations want to

reclaim colonies after Napoleon Monroe Doctrine (1823)European powers stay out of affairs of Western Hemisphere while U.S. will remain neutral

Manifest Destiny and Westward Expansion Manifest Destinythe belief that the United States was destined to expand its dominion across

North America What does the woman in the painting represent? American Progress, 1872, by John Gast

Westward Expansion Army keeps pushing West New forts, roads, stockades, etc. Infantry w/ steamboats and wagons conduct early expeditions Mounted Ranger division inspired

by Great Plains Indians Native American Conflicts Indian Removal Act (1830) forced negotiations with NAs to move west Cherokee recognized as

sovereign nation; still forcibly removed Forced removal of NAs known as the Trail of Tears Chief Black Hawk, 1767-1838

Native American Conflicts Battle against Chief Black Hawk Fort Laramie Treaty gave NAs control over Great Plains and east of

Rockies Agreement not to attack settlers

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