17.3 Acid-Base Titrations

17.3 Acid-Base Titrations

17.3 Acid-Base Titrations 17.3 Acid Base Titrations Titrations Very common analytical test to determine concentrations of unknown solutions

Typically done by adding a known concentration (standardized) of base to acid Can be done with indicator or pH meter set up to read pH or volts 17.3 Titration Curves

Titration curves are more accurate way to conduct titrations because the exact equivalence point can be determined by extrapolating the graph Equivalence point the point in titration where acid and base are neutralized and equal

17.3 Strong Acid Base Curves 17.3 Strong Acid Base Titration Practice: Calculate the pH when the following quantities of 0.100 M NaOH solution have been added to 50.0 mL of 0.100 M HCl A. 49.0 mL

B. 51.0 mL 17.3 Strong-Acid Base Practice: A titration of 25.0 mL of HCl with 0.00105 M NaOH standardized. The first sign of color change (equivalence point) occurs after the addition of 15.5 mL of NaOH.

What is the concentration of the HCl? 17.3 Weak Acid Base Titrations Weak acid base titration curves look very similar Things that are different They start higher on the scale

than strong acid-base titrations The rapid rise at the equivalence point is not as drastic as strong acid-base Equivalence point is not at 7! 17.3 Weak Acid Base Titrations

Lets take a look at an example. Titration of 50.0 mL of 0.100 M acetic acid with 0.100 NaOH Lets break this up into 4 portions 1.) Initial pH below 7, can be determined using techniques from chapter 16 (2.89)

2.) Between initial pH and the equivalence point slow rise as H+ ions are neutralized 3.) The equivalence point a rapid rise in pH, but not as drastic as SA and SB 4.) After the equivalence point greater than 7 (C2H2O2- is a weak base) 17.3 Weak Acid Base Titrations Practice:

Calculate pH of the solution formed when 45.0 mL of 0.100 M NaOH is added to 50.0 mL of 0.100 M HC2H3O2 17.3 Polyprotic Acids Polyprotic weak acids such as H3PO3, when titrated, occur in a series of steps For these types of titrations, 2 sets of properly chosen indicators would be necessary

For indicators, they need to be chosen to respond to changes near the equivalence point, they dont have to be exact Types of Titrations

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